The genus Reo, and this is how the name of the plant is pronounced correctly, has one species of plant - Reo vesicular, a family of Cumelins. Homeland plants - tropical rainforests of Mexico, Antilles. As ornamental foliage plants are widely cultivated in the tropics of both hemispheres, it easily runs wild. Reo is also widely cultivated as a houseplant, especially recently. Although under favorable conditions, the flowering of reo can continue throughout the year, they are grown for beautifully colored dense, shiny leaves.
Previously, Rheo (Rhoeo) was isolated in a separate monotypic genus, now the plant belongs to the genus Tradescantia (Tradescantia) as Tradescantia vesicular (Tradescantia spathacea) - Rheo vesicular (Rhoeo spathacea), or Rheo multicolored (Rhoeo discolor).
In the literature on floriculture, the plant is still often found under its original name - Reo, or Reo.
In appearance, the reo resembles a little dracaena or cistern plants from the bromeliad family. The origin of the name of the genus reo is unknown, but this plant has a different name, which has spread among flower growers - the boat of Moses.
- Tropical reo - plant description
- Reo growing conditions
- Home Reo Care
- Possible difficulties
Tropical reo - plant description
Rheo vesicular (Rhoeo spathacea) or Rheo mottled (Rhoeo discolor) is an herbaceous rhizome plant with a short, fleshy upright stalk, from which leaves of linearly lanceolate dark green color, densely planted to each other, are red-violet from the bottom, red-violet below, about 30 cm long. There is a form of “Rhoeo spathacea Vittata” with leaves covered with yellow stripes on top and purplish red below.
With age, the lower leaves of the reo die off, and the upper leaves seem to form a rosette, from which the reo are often confused with the bromeliads. Flowers reo white and small, collected inflorescences on short pedicels. Inflorescences are hidden inside the scaphoid veil formed by several purple bracts covering each other. Flowering can occur at any time of the year.
Reo growing conditions
Lighting and placement in the interior
Reo prefers diffused light in the spring-summer period, without direct sunlight.
Optimal placement of rheo - windows with a western or eastern orientation. On windows with a southern orientation, place the plant away from the window or create diffused light with a translucent fabric or paper (gauze, tulle, tracing paper).
In the autumn-winter period, the plant can tolerate sunlight, so it is placed in the brightest place. Reo withstands partial shade, but with a lack of light, the color of the leaves fades.
Temperature and ventilation
In the spring-summer period, the optimum temperature for reo is 20-24 ° C. In the autumn-winter period, the temperature should be in the range of 17-20 ° C, not lower than 12 ° C. The plant is difficult to tolerate drafts, especially in winter.
Home Reo Care
Watering and humidity
The plant is unpretentious, but needs regular watering. Watered with soft and well-settled water. Half an hour after watering, water is poured from the pan.
In the spring-summer period, re-watering is plentiful, as the upper layer of the substrate dries. Prolonged (day or two) drying is very harmful to reo. In the autumn-winter period, water moderately, one to two days after the top layer of the substrate dries. When the plant is kept (in winter) at a temperature below 14 ° C, the soil is moderately moist. When watering, drying and excessive waterlogging of the substrate should not be allowed.
When watering, drying and excessive waterlogging of the substrate should not be allowed.
Reo tolerates the low humidity of the rooms, while preferably high humidity is preferred for it. It is advisable to spray reo every day with boiled or soft filtered water at room temperature, this is especially important in winter.
If the air is too dry and warm, to increase the humidity of the air, the pot with the plant can be placed in a tray with moist expanded clay or peat, while the bottom of the pot should not touch the water.
Transplant and pruning
It is advisable to transplant the reo into plastic pots that retain soil moisture better than clay pots. In late spring or early summer. Young annually, adult plants every 3-5 years. In this case, the pots should be wide and low, since the root system of the plant grows in breadth.
In plants grown in a single bush, side shoots are removed.
Pruning plants do not produce. In order to get a bushy plant, pinch the tops of the shoots, this stimulates the growth of side shoots.
Soil composition and top dressing
The soil should be rich in humus, light and loose (pH 5.5-6.5). For example, such a substrate is suitable: 1 part of clay-turf, 1 part of leaf, 1 part of humus, 1 part of peat land and 1 part of sand. Good drainage is required - reo loves moist soil, but it is extremely painful for water stagnation and acidification of the soil.
From March to August, reo is fed with fertilizer for indoor deciduous plants every two weeks.
October-February is a period of rest. 17-20 ° C, moderate watering, good lighting, regular spraying, do not feed.
Precautions: Reo may cause contact dermatitis.
As a result of sunburn, the leaves of the reo may turn yellow.
Brown dry leaf tips in reo occur when the air is too dry in the room, especially in winter, if the plant is located near central heating batteries.
The tips of the leaves turn brown, the leaves rewrinkle and dry out when insufficiently watered, or when watered with cold water.
With a lack of light, the plant loses its magnificent color of the leaves and stretches.
At too low a temperature, the leaves of the reo become soft and droop.
Reo stems are stretched, the leaves are not densely arranged, the plant loses its decorative appeal with an acute lack of light, or a lack of nutrients in the soil.
Propagated by reo apical cuttings or lateral shoots. Vegetatively propagate rheo most often apical cuttings or lateral shoots (offspring). To obtain lateral shoots, pinch the top of the main shoot. When transplanting old overgrown specimens of Reo, you can neatly divide the rhizome.
Reo cuttings root well in sand for 2 weeks at a temperature of 22-24 ° C. After rooting, they are planted in pots.