Aquilegia is considered one of the most unpretentious ornamental plants for decorating the site. Despite the apparent rusticity, she has an exquisite charm that does not catch the eye at first sight. A perennial plant that will decorate the slightly shaded corners of your garden will not cause much trouble. But still there are certain rules, following which, you can guaranteed to achieve long and magnificent flowering from aquilegia. About the features of growing this perennial in the garden - our article.
- Botanical description of the plant
- Aquilegia Care Calendar
- Aquilegia reproduction
- Aquilegia Care Features
- Aquilegia Diseases and Pests
- The use of aquilegia in garden compositions
Botanical description of the plant
Aquilegia, or catchment - Latin name Aquilegia, folk: doves, eagles, boots, bell, fern.
Aquilegia belongs to the genus of herbaceous perennials of the family Ranunculaceae (Ranunculaceae) with a thick rod root. The genus has more than 100 species.
Beautiful ternate bluish-green leaves on strong stalks with a height of 10 to 20 cm give the lush bush of aquilegia an exquisite stable decorativeness all season even in the absence of flowers.
Aquilegia blooms in June-July with simple or double flowers with petals, a double perianth of various colors, usually turning into spurs. Aquilegia flowers are located on the tops of tall sturdy peduncles in the form of loose inflorescences. Longer flowering can be achieved by removing wilted flowers, preventing them from forming a seed box.
Aquilegia Care Calendar
March. In greenhouses or boxes in the room sow the seeds of aquilegia.
April May. With the melting of snow, dry leaves and aquilegia stalks are removed, being careful not to damage the young spring shoots. If in early spring young plants with roots appeared on the surface of the soil as a result of frosty bulging, they are carefully buried, trying not to break off the roots. Aquilegia plantings are fed with full mineral fertilizer or organic. After the earth has warmed up enough, planting of seedlings or soil sowing is carried out.
June July. After flowering and loss of decorativeness of flower stems, they are cut off, leaving only a rosette of leaves. The cut off parts of aquilegia can be composted, but if they are sick, they should be burned. Some of the most interesting plants can not be cut and left on the seeds. At the same time, to prevent unwanted shedding of seeds and self-sowing, the fruits must be isolated by wearing gauze bags on them.
August. Harvest the fruits of aquilegia with ripened seeds. They can be sown in boxes immediately after collection or later.
September October. Divide the bushes, while planting them. When transplanted, diseased plants are identified that should be burned. Then the autumn seedlings of the aquilegia of the current year, peaked in spring, are planted. Mulch the base of the bushes with humus or compost.
Seed aquilegia propagation
Aquilegia seeds are sown in the fall in the garden (in the flower garden) or in the spring in boxes or soil. If you germinate seeds in spring, then sowing is done in March. Aquilegia seeds are evenly distributed over the surface of moistened soil and lightly sprinkled with earth, cover the crops with a lid or film. Seeds require stratification (freezing) at temperatures from 0 to + 5 ° C.
Before sowing, old seeds are washed, sown, kept warm for 3-4 days, then frozen. Aquilegia seedlings appear after 7-16 days. When germinating, the seedlings are removed from the cold, the lid is opened and germinated in a sunny place at room temperature, but not too hot so that the seedlings do not stretch.
If the aquilegia seedlings are planted too often, you need to dive at a distance of at least 5 cm between the plants. The main thing to remember is that they need deep enough dishes for the good development of rod roots. In May-June, with the onset of sustainable heat, aquilegia seedlings are planted in the flower garden. It is advisable to cover from the strong sun so as not to burn the plant. Young plants will bloom in the second year, but they receive full development in the third year.
Planting density - 10-12 plants per 1 sq. M., Depending on their habit. Low-growing plants are planted at a distance of 25 cm from each other, taller - up to 40 cm.
Aquilegia propagation by dividing the bush
Aquilegia bush dividing is carried out in 3-5 years, in early spring or at the end of August or beginning of September, so that the dividers can take root well before a steady cooling. But you need to do this very carefully, so that each split has one, two or three buds of renewal and a sufficient number of small roots, since aquilegia has fragile, deeply penetrating roots and does not tolerate transplantation.
Aquilegia Care Features
Aquilegia is considered one of the most unpretentious ornamental plants for decorating the site. Aquilegia feels best in partial shade, on moderately moist, light and loose soils rich in humus and nutrients.
In well-lit areas, the plant can slightly fade and weaken, and the flowering period is shortened. In the summer, one or two times it is necessary to feed the plants with a solution of a complete mineral or organic fertilizer. Every year, under the bushes of aquilegia, it is recommended to pour fertile land.
Often, aquilegia in places of constant planting gives abundant self-seeding, which can be carefully transplanted to another place or left, then the young undergrowth will replace aging plants. In one place, the plant can grow from 4 to 6 years, while blooming regularly and not being capricious even without much care. Most types of aquilegia are grown in our country without special shelter for the winter.
Aquilegia Diseases and Pests
The most common aquilegia disease is powdery mildew, but is also susceptible to rust, gray rot, spotting, chrysanthemum and gall nematodes, aphids, spider mites, scoops, leaf miners, etc.
Of the pests, aquilegia is most often annoyed by caterpillars. In a matter of days, they are able to destroy young shoots and buds, eating them to the stems. Therefore, you need to regularly inspect the plants in order to timely process the appropriate preparations.
The use of aquilegia in garden compositions
The aquilegia is simply created for group plantings on the lawns, under trees, in parks, for mixborders, low alpine hills, for flower beds and rabatok. It grows well even on poor soils near the very trunks of trees. Low-growing types of aquilegia are best used when creating a rock garden. In bouquets, cut flowers are relatively short.
Aquilegia can be used for dry flower arrangements. The flowers dry easily and keep their color dry.
Aquilegia goes well with bells, incense, irises, ferns and ornamental cereals, brunner, astilbe, anemones, hosta, oriental poppy.
I like this flower for its magical simplicity and attractiveness. By the way, in Christianity the aquilegia personifies the Holy Spirit, and its petals symbolize holy gifts. In addition, according to one legend, aquilegia grew where the foot of the Virgin Mary stepped, and their petals have the shape of her shoes.