5 steps to a rich harvest of wild strawberries
Strawberries are one of the first places among summer residents by popularity. Possessing a small plot of land, they always strive to occupy at least a small part of the garden with garden strawberries and, of course, take a good crop. A huge number of tips and recommendations can be lost, but, knowing the biology of plants, it is important to highlight the main agricultural techniques and, using new types of fertilizers and stimulants when caring for plants, to ensure a constant and fairly high yield.
Key care methods for garden strawberries include:
- spring pruning of bushes;
- soil mulching;
- top dressing;
- stimulation of plants.
The use of new types of fertilizers and stimulants (growth, development, flowering, fruit formation) when caring for this crop allows increasing the yield of this beloved crop without complicating agricultural technology.
1. Spring pruning of strawberry bushes and cleaning of the site
The strawberry plot must first be prepared for the season. If after the snow has melted, the plot can be easily cleaned with a rake from the debris accumulated during the fall and winter, then there is no need to rush with pruning the strawberry bushes. It is necessary to wait for stable warm weather and then proceed to pruning the seedlings. In adult bushes, dried and diseased leaves are cut. If the leaf is half or a third healthy, it is left, because it will at least partially participate in photosynthesis. Later, these leaves also need to be cut. If buds appeared on the bushes of young strawberries of spring planting, they must be cut off, and on planted in the fall, 2-3 buds are left (for testing). Waste from pruning bushes after processing plants from the site is carried away, since it is a malicious hotbed of disease. A couple of days after pruning, strawberries should be watered if necessary (for example, when the topsoil has dried out).
2. Watering strawberries
Strawberries are a moisture-loving crop, and they constantly need moisture to form a crop. The main condition for obtaining a high yield of strawberries is a constant content of the root layer of the soil in the wet state. The first and subsequent irrigation is carried out with a sufficient norm of water for good soil wetting, but not with a strong stream (light, long irrigation, drip irrigation, irrigation with furrows, and other methods). Slight irrigation (light spraying) can only aggravate the condition of the berry, weakened after wintering. During the growing season, watering is repeated. The usual method of watering is carried out 1-2 times a week. But the drip is considered the best way to water strawberries. Water is consumed sparingly, the soil at the root is constantly moist. To keep the soil moist for a longer time, but without frequent watering, the strawberry plot is mulched.
3. Mulching strawberries
Mulching in translation into Russian means shelter. The first to mulch the soil under the bushes of wild strawberries were the British. Straw was used as mulch so that berries hanging on a thin stalk would not get dirty from the ground. Over time, other beneficial properties of sheltering the land (mulching) under the bushes of the berry bush revealed: protection from weeds (under the layer of mulch they die) and some pests (slugs). And most importantly, mulching retains moisture in the soil, the upper bare layer of which quickly dries out under the hot sun. Too frequent watering (and even in small portions), only inhibit the development of plants and the formation of a full crop. Therefore, after planting, be sure to mulch all the bushes. It is very important that the mulch be small, of high quality and lay with a layer of at least 5-7 cm. During the summer, its layer should not decrease. It is best to use half-ripened straw and sawdust, cut green manure, healthy autumn leaves, half-dried young stems of cut weeds (without testes). You can’t mulch with fresh mulch. It must be decomposed. Otherwise, for its decomposition, mulch can take away nutrients from strawberry seedlings. Half-decomposed mulch serves as an affordable food for plants. Weak mulching (just dusting the soil) will not protect young bushes from germinating weeds and some pests, and moisture will be poorly preserved. Forming a high yield, strawberries remove a large amount of nutrients from the soil, therefore, it constantly needs to obtain available nutrients.
4. Feeding strawberries
Strawberries have an interesting property - great responsiveness to additional nutrition in the form of fertilizers, but does not tolerate overfeeding. High doses of fertilizers, especially mineral ones, cause increased growth of the vegetative mass, and there will be few fruits, watery and unsweetened. The costs of labor and funds increase, and the yield and quality decreases. It is better to plant strawberries with organic matter well before planting, and in subsequent years to carry out only top dressing, using fertilizers containing a sufficient list of essential nutrients in an easily accessible form. Currently, Technoexport specialists have proposed several types of specialized fertilizers for top dressing of horticultural and vegetable crops, including Agricola for berry crops, especially for strawberries and other shrubberies. Fertilizer "Agricola for berry crops" differs from others in that it simultaneously provides strawberry plants with the main NPK nutrients and microelements, and increases resistance to frost. The increased potassium content in “Agricole for berry crops” contributes to a faster delivery of nutrients to the generative (fruit-forming) organs of strawberries, enhances the formation of fruits, accelerates the ripening of crops, increases the size and weight of berries. “Agricola for berry crops” has another remarkable property - it contributes to the accumulation of sugars and vitamins in berries. Fertilizer is highly effective in both root and foliar feeding.
In addition to watering and top dressing, strawberries (as an early crop) need and respond well to treatment with fruit stimulants, which reduce the negative impact of low temperatures on the safety of the ovaries and increase the safety of the future crop.
5. Stimulants for wild strawberries
Stimulants are substances that help restore the balance of natural growth substances that favor the development of flowers, germination of pollen, and reduce the falling of young ovaries. They accelerate the ripening process, increase the content of vitamins and sugars. With low labor, time and money, stimulants can increase crop yields by 30 percent or more. Using stimulators of fruit formation, they prefer natural compounds as closer to the natural hormones of plants. Such preparations include “Bud - a stimulator of fruit formation”, developed by specialists of the Technoexport company based on natural components. It consists of salts of gibberellic acids + potassium humates + trace elements. A rich complex of natural compounds in the optimal combination provides the universality of the use of a stimulant for the growth and formation of generative organs of a large list of fruit and other crops. So, triple spraying of cucumber plants in the growth phase of the first leaf, both at the beginning and during its mass flowering, sharply reduces the number of empty flowers and increases the crop yield at a flow rate of only 10-20 g of the drug per 10 l of water. It is enough to process strawberries 1 time in spring in the flowering phase and after harvest (to increase its immunity). The drug has high environmental safety for humans and animals.
Advantages of the drug “Bud - a stimulator of fruit formation”:
- increases the resistance of plants to spring frosts;
- stimulates disease resistance;
- increases the number of ovaries;
- reduces the falling of ovaries and the number of empty flowers (including cucumbers);
- accelerates fruit formation, improves the taste of berries, reducing ripening by 5-7 days;
- has a positive effect on the taste and mass of berries, increasing the yield as a whole to 30 percent or more.
Instructions for use of the drug "Bud - a stimulator of fruit formation"
Using the drug, you must:
- Strictly adhere to recommended solution concentrations and treatment intervals. Exceeding the doses of the stimulant, non-observance of the intervals will lead to inhibition of plant development and may cause the buds and ovaries to fall;
- use only freshly prepared aqueous solutions of room temperature for spraying. Too cold water causes stress in plants, which may be accompanied by falling buds;
- treat plants with spraying in the morning or in the evening;
- To prepare the solution, the prescribed rate of the substance is poured into a small amount (0.2-0.3 l) of warm tap water. Mix thoroughly. Top up to the norm indicated in the reference material on the back of the bag and mix thoroughly again. The solution is ready to use.
Strawberry Plant Processing
Strawberries - 1 time in the phase of flowering plants. Solution: 1 g / l of water. Consumption: 1 liter of solution per 25 square meters. m
Seedlings of vegetable crops are sprayed with a solution during the survival of seedlings and before flowering. In more detail - in recommendations.
- When preparing solutions and during the processing of plants, it is necessary to use sanitary protection.
- Prepare a working solution immediately before processing the plants.
- Dispose of the remaining solution immediately.
- After finishing work with the solution, wash your hands, face, take a shower, change clothes.
- Wash and store tools and containers for the preparation of solutions in an inaccessible place.
In conclusion, we note that to obtain a good harvest of strawberries, proper watering is sufficient, and for top dressing - "Agricola for berry crops" and the drug "Bud - a stimulator of fruit formation." Agricola supplies the plant with nutrition, and the Bud promotes faster absorption of nutrients and stimulates the generative organs to significantly more fruit setting.
With foliar top dressing, both drugs can be used simultaneously (in a tank mixture), but the dosage must be observed when preparing solutions and treatment periods. As already noted, the combined use of the drug “Bud stimulator of fruit formation” and “Agricola for berry crops” enhances the positive effect on the development of plants, increases fruit setting, brightness and duration of flowering. At the same time, labor and time spent on caring for the crop are reduced.
More detailed information on new forms of fertilizers and stimulants for wild strawberries and other berry plants, orchards and vegetables is provided on the Technoexport website.