Viola on the balcony and in the rooms - advantages and disadvantages
The name "violets" is so firmly entrenched in the gentle and touching senpolis that genuine representatives of the Viol clan in the rooms are often forgotten. But not the best suited for the pot format and living quarters charming pansies can decorate both summer window sills and balconies. They are short-lived and require attention, but they easily reproduce. And among compact, flowering plants, it is difficult to find equally touching and bright crumbs. The choice of violets is so great that there is a suitable option for decorating any home.
What kind of garden violets can grow indoors?
Collected in basal rosettes and sitting on stems alternately, bright, oval, decorated with beautiful rounded denticles at the edges, the leaves of violets are almost invisible under their flowers. Single, but blooming in surprisingly large numbers for such a small bush, they show off with larger lower petals with funny outgrowth nails at the base and seem irresistible.
With a diameter of 4 to more than 10 cm, viola flowers attract attention with a bright yellow eye, velvety texture of the petals, a unique and easily recognizable asymmetry, and an inimitable variety of petal shapes.
As a potted plant for decorating rooms or balconies, only a few types of garden violets are used, most often without distinguishing “pansies” among themselves:
- violet wittrock (Viola x wittrockiana);
- violet tricolor (Viola tricolor).
They are represented by numerous hybrid varieties that are valued for their delightfully diverse flowering.
Garden violets (Viola) have always been considered a universal plant and perfectly suitable even for beginner gardeners. But for viola potted format their status of unpretentious plants is less relevant. And when transferring to a container format, you should first of all think about a few, but obvious shortcomings. It is no coincidence that this garden plant did not become the star of the greenhouse and interior design.
Disadvantages viola potted balcony format
Viols are not the most adapted to the potted format plants that need to create certain conditions at home and on the balcony. Only a few accommodation options are suitable for them. And before deciding to consider them as not only a garden plant, it is worth weighing all the possible risks. After all, for the viola to bloom relentlessly and look fresh, she still needs special attention.
Daily care is the first thing to think about. Even in the garden, a lack of moisture leads to the fact that instead of luxurious bushes you have to look at sluggish lifeless plants. But if in the open ground and flower beds the viols come to life in the morning, then on the windowsill or balcony, misses with watering can be fatal.
Even a short drought affects the leaves, you can water the plant only so that the top layer of the substrate dries slightly - avoiding dampness and stagnation of water, but also without a lack of moisture. For viols, you will have to carry out watering twice a day in the summer, only in the early morning or evening. And without an automatic watering system, this drawback is difficult to level.
Not easier to satisfy the love of violets for fresh air. They bloom poorly and suffer even on a glazed balcony, and on the windowsill they do require a special approach. Without constantly ajar sashes, refreshing ventilation and free circulation of air, nothing will work. This does not mean that it is impossible to grow a viola on the windowsill. Can. But at the ajar window and following all the recommendations as scrupulously as possible.
Viola on the balconies is suitable only for those who can provide her regular care. If you have a planned trip or you are often not at home, and there is no one to care for plants every day - it is better to exclude it from the candidates for landscaping balconies.
The main advantages of viola on the balcony and in the room
But all the flaws fade before the extraordinary beauty and brightness of flowering garden violets. Even the viola transferred to the balcony is still charming. And it is very difficult to find an indifferent grower to their beauty.
The main advantages of viola as a balcony plant can be safely attributed to the following.
The beauty of the structure of asymmetric flowers, their size and color scheme with viols, few can compete with. Small "eyes" and touching veins, watercolor transitions, a combination of dozens of shades or the most dazzling colors - viols always look catchy. One viola flowers remind of butterflies, the other - about magical characters, funny faces and curious elves. But not captivating their beauty is very difficult.
The appearance of the "living bouquet"
Even if you put one single violet in a miniature pot, it will still look like a small miracle. And when planting in a group, they all seem to be just ripped bouquets in the garden. Large flowers, neat leaves, dense pillows, miniature sizes and versatility allow this plant to be used as a small decoration on the countertops, a touching touch, a replacement for cut flowers and a gift. Moreover, as if the viols were created for planting in decorative containers and experiments with decoration (sisal, fabrics, decorative mulch, etc.)
The number of varieties of violets is almost impossible to count. Even proven seed mixes always produce several plants with unexpected color variations. And the choice of plain or multicolor, variegated or watercolor, simple or double, small and large-flowered viols seems very difficult. And as if the viola palette is small, they also offer options between compact and spreading, bush and ampel forms!
Compatibility with other plants
Violets can be easily planted to indoor and balcony plants, used in a group with flowering and deciduous partners, planted in complex ensembles and multi-level compositions. But it is worth remembering that they still do not tolerate too tight a landing. For large varieties, you need to give them 10-15 cm of space in the group, or 1-2 cubic meters. dm of soil.
Ability to grow in miniature and original containers
Violets can be planted literally in any container, even the most extravagant, provided that you can think through drainage and prevent the risk of acidification of the soil during heavy irrigation. Viols are often planted in cups and teapots, watering cans, mugs and glasses, funny containers, interesting ceramic models.
They look great in drawers, hanging baskets, cups, flowerpots on the stem, in ordinary pots of any material, if the size of the container does not exceed the size of the root system of the plant or group of viols. They do not like too vast “spaces” and the capacities must correspond to the plant.
Ease of breeding
Viols are very easy to grow from seeds, especially since this is one of the most popular garden summers and biennials. Sowing is carried out in February in shallow grooves or with a light cover of the soil and contain, after slightly moistened under glass or film at a temperature of about 15 degrees. Coolness and bright lighting are the best friends of viola seedlings. Diving is carried out only after the appearance of the first pair of leaves, and in permanent pots seedlings can be transferred after 2-3 weeks.
But it’s even easier to buy ready-made seedlings. By popularity, only petunia can be compared with viols: young plants that you can choose to your taste fill all the shelves and natural markets with the arrival of heat and do not disappear anywhere throughout the summer.
Conditions and care for indoor viola
For success in growing viols on balconies, and even more so on windowsills, you need to take care of perfect care and special conditions:
- the brightest and most diffuse lighting (the violet is not afraid of direct sun, but not at noon, not on the southern balcony and at the height of summer, and strong shading without at least a few hours of the morning or evening sun is destructive; best of all, the viola grows on the western and eastern balconies , and in the rooms - on the southern windows with a screen);
- temperature from 10 to 25 degrees, with the shortest cold snap and protection from heat;
- error-free regular watering with stable average humidity;
- weekly dressing with special fertilizers for violets, perennials or at least flowering plants (starting from the second week after planting);
- laying of very high drainage (even for miniature containers - 2-3 cm);
- choice of loose, breathable and very nutritious soil;
- regular soil cultivation (ideally weekly);
- regular pruning of faded parts and timely cutting of shoots that lose their decorativeness and dry - half to stimulate growth and re-flowering flowering (to a height of 5-6 cm, leaving several leaves on each shoot).
Do not forget about another advantage. The ease of replacement and the lack of fear of transplants, even in a flowering state, allow changing the violet, which has lost its decorativeness, to a new young bush. If the variety has disappointed, due to misses in the care of the violets, they have lost their decorativeness, you can easily plant new flowering plants to replace them.