Monthly Tomato Care Calendar
In this publication, we offer readers to familiarize themselves with the full calendar of tomato care by month. Of course, you should know that the main periods - flowering, the formation of ovaries, ripening - may depend on the tomato variety, as well as on the climatic characteristics of the region and the conditions of the current season. They may occur either earlier than the deadline indicated here or later. This is quite normal and should, guided by these terms, take care of the plants accordingly.
- Tomato Care in May
- June Tomato Care
- July Tomato Care
- Tomato Care in August
Tomato Care in May
Planting tomato seedlings
It all starts with planting tomato seedlings on the site. It is usually carried out starting in mid-May, although it all depends on both the climate conditions of your region and the time of the onset of spring, and this period may shift to one or the other. Common to all regions is that it is best to grow tomatoes when the temperature reaches about 15 degrees above zero and will not fall below this mark.
Before planting tomato seedlings in a permanent place, it must be well shed so that you can extract the plants from the seedling tank without destroying the lump of soil.
Further, while the tomato seedlings are preparing for planting, and the soil in the seedlings is soaked in moisture, you should prepare the soil for planting. It is necessary, already dug up in advance, fertilized since the fall, to well loosen and dig out the landing holes, the sizes of which correspond to whom the seedlings are.
Wells should be poured and poured into each teaspoon of wood ash, then place lumps of soil with tomato seedlings in them and compact the earth with your fingers. If necessary, soil can be added to the wells.
After planting tomato seedlings for a week at noon, it must be shaded, protecting from exposure to bright sunlight.
Landing should be carried out in the late afternoon or on a cloudy day. Tomatoes should be planted in rows with a distance between them of 70 cm, and a distance of 40 cm between the tomatoes.
Watering in May should be carried out often, not allowing the soil to dry out, but also not allowing the soil to become wet. Water the plants in the evening, when there is no heat, focusing on the weather. So, if there was heavy rain during the day, then watering is not needed, if it is dry, then young plants should be watered. You can water every day, spending such an amount of water so that the soil is moistened by 5-10 cm.
Loosening the soil is necessary after heavy rain or the day after watering. Loosening avoids the appearance of a dense soil crust that impedes normal air and water metabolism. Usually, within a week after planting the tomatoes, cultivation is carried out to a depth of 13-15 cm, after another five days, the depth of cultivation is reduced to 10-11 cm, and at the end of the month it is reduced to 4-5 cm.
The depth of soil cultivation depends on the degree of development of the root system of the tomato, as a rule, at the beginning of the month, the root system is still poorly developed, and at the end of the month it is developed as much as possible.
Loosening of the soil can be combined with weed control. Weeds should be removed manually, tearing them with the maximum number of roots. Manual weed removal reduces the number of weeds.
Mulching is usually carried out at the end of watering, as well as after removal of weeds. You can mulch the soil occupied by tomatoes with a layer of humus a couple of centimeters thick or with mowed grass. Mulch allows you to save moisture, inhibits the growth of weeds, eliminates the need for frequent loosening of the soil.
In May, near the end of the month, it is possible to fertilize tomatoes with fertilizers containing the main elements for their development. It is advisable to make fertilizers dissolved in water. The plants are usually fertilized with ammonium nitrate (13 g per bucket of water, the norm per square meter of soil), superphosphate (due to poor solubility it is advisable to dry it in loose and well-moistened soil, the norm is 20 g per square meter), potassium sulfate (15 g per bucket of water, the norm per square meter of soil).
June Tomato Care
By early June, tomato seedlings, planted in May, take root well. This month the crop is being laid, therefore, all agricultural practices must be carried out with special care.
Watering in June must be carried out in the evening, pouring water under the root. It is possible to water tomato plants in June once every 2-3 days, since by this time they should have already acquired a fully developed root system. The rate of watering is about a bucket of water per square meter. It is also necessary to navigate the weather, if it is cool and humid, then you can refuse watering.
Throughout June, you can spend four fertilizing tomatoes, that is, about once a week. It is best to use complex fertilizer diluted in water, for example, nitroammophoskos - a teaspoon per 10 liters of water, this is the norm for 1 m2.
Stimulation of pollination
During flowering, which usually occurs at the end of the month (it happens earlier), carry out procedures that stimulate pollination of this crop. To stimulate pollination, tomato plants are gently shaken. You can also treat plants with a 1% solution of boric acid. Processing of flowers with a 0.005% solution of 30% sodium humate is allowed.
July Tomato Care
In July, plants usually complete flowering; during this period, watering and feeding plants are also necessary.
It is advisable to carry out irrigation even less often than in June, usually water the soil occupied by tomatoes every 15 days, that is, in July you can carry out two full irrigation, spending two buckets of water for each plant. It is important to irrigate in the evening and use water at room temperature.
In July, it is important to continue loosening the soil under tomatoes after rain or the day after watering, destroying the soil crust.
You can continue to mulch the soil with humus or mowed grass.
In July, a couple of tomato dressings are enough. The first is preferably carried out at the beginning of the month. During this period, plants can be fed with diluted nitroammophos - two teaspoons per 10 liters of water - this is the norm for 1 m2.
The second top dressing is preferably carried out during fruit setting. It is advisable to spray tomatoes during this period with potassium sulfate (15 g per bucket of water, wetting the plants well) and add superphosphate to the soil - 12 g per square meter in previously loosened and watered soil.
In July, you need to pinch tomatoes - remove the lateral axillary shoots, this will stimulate the outflow of nutrients into the fruits, increase their mass, improve taste and accelerate ripening.
Stepsons of tomatoes can be broken out after they reach a length of five centimeters. It is better to remove the stepsons in the morning, when the shoots are saturated with moisture (they are then more fragile). As for the varieties of standard and weak, they can not be stepson.
Determinant tomato varieties need to be formed in two or three stems, leaving a couple of flowering shoots. Varieties indeterminate need to be formed into one stem.
Removing Growth Points
At the very end of the month, you need to break out all the growth points on the shoots and new flowers, as well as all yellowed leaves.
Tomato Care in August
The main tasks this month are to provide plants with enough nutrition and moisture, protect plants from late blight, accelerate ripening and harvest.
Watering this month is mandatory, it is impossible to allow the soil to dry out. In the event that you have allowed the soil to dry out, then you need to water the tomatoes gently, gradually moistening the soil. If you pour tomatoes immediately with plenty of water after a drought, then the fruits may begin to crack.
In August, it is advisable to fertilize exclusively with fertilizers dissolved in water. At this time, potassium is very important for plants and fruits of tomato. If you added wood ash during planting, then it is permissible not to reuse it; just feed the tomatoes with potassium sulfate dissolved in 10 l of water - 12 g per 1 m2. If wood ash was not added, then it can also be diluted in 10 liters of water - 250 g, this is enough for 1 m2, and after 4-5 days, feed with potassium sulfate in the above volume.
With a lack of nitrogen, tomato leaves brighten, it is urgent to rectify the situation by dissolving a tablespoon of urea in a bucket of water and treating tomato plants in the evening, wetting the entire above-ground mass.
If the leaves of the tomato have become an unnatural purple-violet color, then superphosphate dissolved in water must be added. It is necessary to dissolve a tablespoon of superphosphate in a bucket of water as well as possible and treat the plant with an aerial mass.
Protection of tomatoes against late blight
In August, phytophthora attacks quite often on tomatoes, fungicides can be used to protect against this infection, but if less than a week is left before the fruits are picked, it is better to collect and ripen the fruits. It is impossible to treat with fungicides during this period.
Removing excess inflorescences
In August, flowers may appear on individual tomato plants again, they must be removed, because the tomatoes from them will certainly not have time to ripen.
Before harvesting, it is important to determine for yourself - for what purpose you will pick tomatoes: to store them for a while or to eat immediately.
You should know that the ripening of tomatoes occurs in stages: first they acquire milk ripeness, then blanc and finally, full.
Tomatoes can be harvested as soon as they reach the size typical of a particular variety and find themselves in a state of milk ripeness.
Milk ripeness - when the tomatoes are not yet fully ripe, however, they have the fruit size and mass typical of the variety. The skin may have a milky color (a fruit with a pinkish core). Harvesting at this stage is carried out, as a rule, for storing tomatoes for 14-16 days with ripening during this period of time.
In the state of ripeness ripeness, the tomatoes have a pinkish skin color, and after 7-8 days they become fully colored.
If you want to eat tomatoes right away, then you need to collect them fully painted in the color typical of this variety.
It is appropriate to harvest at the beginning of once every six days, and at the peak of productivity - once every four days.
It is important when harvesting tomatoes not to delay it and collect the fruits as they ripen. The fruits left in full maturity on the plants will inhibit the ripening of the still not quite ripe tomatoes.
If you want the tomatoes to be preserved for the longest possible period of time, then be sure to remove them without tearing off the stalk.
So now you know the complete tomato care calendar. Of course, you should know that the main periods - flowering, the formation of ovaries, ripening - may depend on the variety, as well as on the climatic characteristics of the region and on the conditions of the current season. This is quite normal and should, guided by these terms, take care of the plants accordingly.