Perfect trio. Flower beds from only three perennials
In the design of flower beds it is not necessary to use dozens of different types of flowering and deciduous plants. The simplest version of the flower garden is the composition of a trio of perennials: much easier to care for and more versatile. Using a combination of just three different types, you can beat unpleasant bald spots, brighten up the lawn, create a flowering islet, arrange a recreation area or terrace. These combinations are equally good in a simple and natural design. And to create a flower-trio, it is enough to make a minimum of effort. Here the main (and only) secret of success is in the search for the perfect interconnection of plants.
Flower beds are usually associated with a colorful variety, an abundance of forms and species of plants that together create a complex flowering canvas. But in fact, a flower garden is not only a decorative composition of dozens of different plants, but also much more modest ensembles with a much smaller number of participants. The main thing is that together they create a complete, holistic ensemble.
The minimum number of plants needed to create a flower garden is three. It is precisely because of the number of “participants” that such compositions received the nickname of flower trio.
In the design of the garden they are used:
- as a universal option for a win-win multi-color combination;
- to decorate boring and empty places;
- as the easiest flower garden to design;
- as a basic type of flower garden-island;
- to enrich the structure and appearance of lawns, as well as “flat” areas;
- for registration of new objects;
- to add variety to the design;
- to improve the seasonal appearance of the garden;
- as a means of increasing the number of flowering crops without complicating care;
- as a simple but colorful composition to fill the stalls and strict flower beds with boxwood frame;
- as the basis of ribbon flower beds, narrow rabatki, camouflage flower beds, islands, etc.
In addition, such flower beds provide an excellent chance to use those plants that are considered purely seasonal in a new light. Favorite bearded irises or poppies, for example, blossom and the truth is not so long. And if in large flower gardens and complex compositions they are often lost, they are forced to plant in smaller groups to better mask unattractive bushes, then in a trio it is much easier to compensate for the shortcomings of such plants and to reveal their beauty. Yes, and control the growth, timely rejuvenation, and easily pruning on any plants in small-species ensembles is also easier.
You can create flower beds from three perennials throughout the year, just by buying seedlings of the desired plants. But the easiest way is to create a “trio” in autumn and spring, during the separation of herbaceous plants in the garden. New planting material is always at hand, it can be exchanged with neighbors and gardeners, and your favorite plants with these simple compositions can be opened in a new way, without wasting precious time and wisely using the calendar separation period to bookmark new objects as well.
In such flower beds 3 types of plants are used, but the number of plants themselves - or seedlings - is not limited to any number. For a small ensemble on the lawn, you can plant only 1-3 bushes of perennials, to fill a large area or tape planting, dozens of divines of each species will be needed. And the ratio between the number of units of each plant, the uniformity of the division of the area between the participants of the trio can be changed at your discretion. The main thing is to remember that all the requirements of specific cultures must be strictly observed.
But the main secret to success in creating flower beds from all three types of crops is not at all in the planting dates. In order for a decorative composition with such a small variety of species to be advantageous and not perceived as flawed, you need to really carefully consider the combination. Wrong choice of "neighbors" will lead to the fact that the flower-trio will look boring and inexpressive. In this case, it is enough to always remember only a few rules.
The main principles of selecting perennials for creating successful trios:
1. Beautiful contrasts of the deep type
To a modest flower garden was spectacular, you need to boldly play with contrasts. But not the color ones, which are always the first to catch the eye and are obvious, but the underlying contrasts underlying the design principles of flower beds - in shape, height and type of growth and greenery. When choosing group members from herbaceous perennials, it should be remembered that even three plants will seem like a luxurious and thoughtful flower garden, if you choose crops of different heights and structures. A low texture plant in the foreground, medium and lush, voluminous "soloist" and a more elaborate tall perennial for emphasis in the background or in the middle is a classic prototype of a trio for a flower garden. Placing plants linearly, from low to high, there is no need. The main thing is that any trio should consist of three plants of different heights, clearly different in all respects - both in the density of foliage, and in the size and structure of the leaves, and in the lines of shoots, and in the form of inflorescences. You should never forget about the last parameter: cultures with vertical inflorescences, massive "caps" and umbrellas, single flowers, baskets or loose panicles are combined with each other, but not with similar plants.
2. The play of color in all its splendor.
If the design of flower beds is decided on the most unimaginable and daring experiments, then it is in such ensembles that are minimal in number of types. When choosing a color scheme for a trio, you need to be not just bold, but go into extremes. Moreover, this is not about a combination of incongruous, but about bringing the game of color to the absolute. The choice of variations here exactly repeats the limitless possibilities of designing absolutely any flower garden - from a harmonious play of pastel colors to different shades of the same color, contrasting colors or original solutions. Plants by color should contrast with each other, be dissimilar, but this does not contradict the ability to adhere to a monochrome (monochrome) design. Indeed, among the shades of pink, red, blue, violet, yellow, orange and other colors, you can easily find three unlike each other tones. So, the red trio can be represented as orange, scarlet and lilac, pink - dark pink “fuchsian”, light fawn and medium candy pink, blue - dark purple, light purple and sky blue, and orange - a combination of fire, brick and bright yellow, etc. At the same time, one should not forget about the style of the garden, its color concept and personal preferences.
3. Never forget the timing.
Since plants in such low-flowered ensembles are limited in number, the effect of constant flowering - and constant attractiveness - is not easy to recreate in them. Cultures should be selected so that the flowering dates do not coincide, but only adjoin, a flowering wave passed from the composition of the spring star to the classic summer perennial and later flowering. But there should not be pauses between flowering: plants should pick up each other, at least for a short time, “dock”. The longer perennials bloom, the better (at least one plant should bloom for more than 4-5 weeks, otherwise a full flower garden will not work). The flowering time of the composition can be “shifted” to the first or second half of the season. Other terms should be considered: rejuvenation and division. It is better if all the plants in the composition are similar in these indicators.
Win-win combinations for flower trios
An absolute favorite among the trios is the combination “peony + delphinium + cuff”, which strikes with contrasts and seems to illustrate all the principles of selecting plants for flower beds from only three types of crops. A low cuff with its inimitable openwork and bright optimistic color, impressive and classic, but no less beautiful massive peony with its giant inflorescences and tall openwork dolphin candles, soaring against the background of partners and literally raising the flower garden to new heights - what could be more beautiful? .. Moreover, the choice of varieties and delphinium and peony allows you to endlessly change this classic trio and create unique variations. But if you want a more explicit variety, then three alternative trios with a milky-flowered peony will suit you:
- peony + geranium magnificent + cuff;
- peony + snow-white lily + blood-red geranium;
- peony + musk malva + oak sage.
A classic hardy perennial that for many has become a symbol of a country-style garden, captivating with a watercolor palette, the beauty of its shape and leaves, and elongated inflorescences with a rustic but not rustic charm - the lupine is multi-leafed. It can be entered into flower trios in almost any combination, since it contrasts beautifully with the most modern and original, and with the most modest cultures. An excellent flower garden, for example, will turn out if you add a nyvyanik to the classical combination “lupine + aquilegia”, creating a pastoral picture in the spirit of the best examples of landscape design. But there are other variations of flowering trios with the participation of many-faced lupins:
- lupine + bearded or Siberian iris + decorative bow;
- lupine + yarrow + meadow daisy;
- lupine + panic panic + veronica longifolia;
- lupine + phlox panicled + Turkish poppy.
Fans of bright colors and garden classics will surely appreciate the combination of dazzling Turkish poppies, and any much more modest appearance of these amazing plants, with the watercolor beauty of bearded irises. But both those and others will not be able to decorate the garden throughout the active season and will quickly leave the garden scene. It is easy to compensate for their unattractive greens after flowering, if you add oregano to them as a third companion - spicy ordinary oregano. The openwork ripples of this plant, which looks great both before, during, and after flowering, and even when the first snow falls, will delight the eye and emphasize the beauty of the main soloists. The trio “poppy + irises + oregano” has alternatives:
- poppy + bearded irises + sage (from ordinary to oak);
- poppy + bearded irises + cuff;
- poppy + bearded irises + garden geraniums;
- poppy + bearded irises + catnip;
- poppy + bearded irises + Byzantine purse.
However, in a trio with two flamboyant blooming stars, you can pick up any other plant from among the universal, preserving the beauty until late fall partners to your taste.
Gardens in a natural style provide special opportunities for the use of such flower trios, because small groups of plants can be scattered literally throughout the garden, adding to it improvisation, lightness, charm. Natural, wild beauty is inherent in the lush combination of a charming yellow daylily small, lush cuff and a bright, but so wild-looking cyanosis blue. Such a trio can be used not only for a classic flower garden, but also for designing the shore of a reservoir in a natural style.
Ensembles with the participation of a not very popular, but very spectacular large perennial, whose leaves resemble maple leaves, are cyanenhomes, which are dune-shaped, even more radiate the harmony of the natural beauty of nature. Drops of creamy yellowish bell-shaped flowers rise above luxurious leaves at the end of summer, making it possible to select earlier flowering plants as partners. However, when choosing plants for flower beds, it is worth considering that kirengeshoma prefers secluded, shaded places in the garden. Great trios for decorating compositions in the shade will come from the combination:
- kirengeshoma + Japanese anemone + Chinese astilbe;
- kirengeshoma + ferns (ostrich, thyroid, etc.) + host;
- kirengeshoma + black cohosh racemose + tiarella hearty.
Otherwise, an unusual combination of different shades of the red part of the spectrum in asters, echinacea and crocosmia cannot be called extravagant. The original form of inflorescences, which are not similar to each other despite the same structure principle and completely different nature of these perennials, attract attention both in the modern and in the village garden. A fiery fiery crocosmia with its graceful inflorescences and linear leaves in a thick sod, strict-looking and “invulnerable” echinacea purpurea with its carmine-red baskets, with a convex center and a pillow like a flowering pillow, an unpretentious lilac-lilac asteric camomile together create a game of textures and colors.
Fans of calm colors and blue will surely like another modern combination of a luxurious mordoville ordinary with its impudent, ball-like inflorescences, modern, bright, and at the same time surprisingly versatile veronica with its blue spikelets of inflorescences and inimitably lace geranium gorgeous with its cupped, large and shining flowers of lilac-blue hue. It is very difficult to call such a trio simple or non-modern, because it combines such daring forms and colors that even in the most strict hi-tech garden this ensemble will not be lost.
Another use of universal trios for flower beds
Combinations of plants, with which you can create the simplest of flower beds, are a universal combination of plants, which "works" not only in individual compositions. If you suddenly need to quickly “patch holes” on large flower beds or flower beds, a bald spot suddenly appears between your favorite plants, then you can close it easily using one of the three plants in combination. It is enough to examine the neighbors - and the camouflage man himself. So, between phloxes and delphiniums, the bush of one of the hybrid varieties of gelenium will easily close the void, and geranium can be planted between poppies and irises.