Reseda - perfume in the flowerbed
The flowers of the reseda are inconspicuous and small. But this plant is valued not by external beauty, but by a strong, pleasant aroma. On a bag of seeds, manufacturers sometimes depict a bottle of perfume. And this is no coincidence - Reseda is actively used in the perfume industry.
Not so long ago, this plant was quite common with us, now it has been replaced by other flowers and ornamental plants. But Reseda deserves to occupy a special place in the flower garden. By the way, it is known that Napoleon brought the seeds of reseda from Egypt to his beloved Josephine. In the south of France, perfume was made from fragrant reseda in the last century, and after that it began to be cultivated in many other countries.
Mignonette (Reseda) - a genus of herbaceous plants of the family Rezedovye (Resedaceae), common in Africa and Eurasia.
Description of Reseda
Reseda belongs to the genus of one- and biennial, occasionally perennial herbaceous plants from the family Reseda, of which there are about 60 species. We often grow two types: aromatic and white reseda.
Scented rezeda, or Reseda odorous (Reseda odorata) Is an annual culture. The stem is 20-40 cm high. The bush is sprawling, with strong branching, upright. Inflorescence is a thick pyramidal spike-shaped brush.
Reseda White (Reseda alba) looks very attractive and at the same time has a pleasant aroma. She has high inflorescences with snow-white flowers, is unpretentious in her care. It blooms in June-September.
The fruit is a box open at the top. Therefore, the seeds from it easily spill out. Florists are advised to collect them, without waiting for full maturity, but not green. They should be dark with a metallic sheen. Seeds ripen well.
Growing and caring for rezeda
Reseda is a photophilous and cold-resistant plant. It prefers fertile, non-acidic soils with a high content of lime. It tolerates partial shade.
Reseda is propagated by seeds that are sown in March in pots or in open soil in April-May.
To bloom more dense, it is necessary to remove wilted inflorescences. With the seedling method of cultivation, keep in mind that seedlings do not tolerate transplanting without a lump of earth, and then get sick for a long time.
Use Reseda in the design
Reseda is used to decorate flowerbeds, balconies, for cutting, is also grown in pots on window sills, and is used for winter distillation.
To enjoy the aroma of Reseda, plant a plant near the house, gazebos, along the paths. But you should not place other flowers with a strong aroma, such as levka, next to this plant.
The healing properties of reseda
But, in addition to the aroma, the reseda has another valuable quality - it has healing properties. By the way, the name itself comes from the Latin "resedae" - to heal, soothe. Use it only in informal medicine as a painkiller, diuretic and diaphoretic.
And the beekeepers appreciate Reseda, because this plant is an excellent honey plant. To taste and aroma, resed honey is almost not inferior to linden honey: it is very fragrant.