Planting raspberries in a trench
Raspberry. What a gardener can afford to go past this amazing culture. Its berries delight in taste, carry a lot of useful substances, and in winter, processed into jam, help fight colds. However, if raspberry grows well in one area, then in another it often looks somehow “not very”. What does it depend on? And it depends on many factors: both on the place chosen for the culture, and on the composition of the soil, and on timely watering, but most importantly, on the method of planting. Exactly how raspberries are planted has the greatest impact on its development and productivity. And here, only the trench method can be recommended.
What is a raspberry planting in a trench?
The trench method of planting raspberries is the planting of seedlings of culture in carefully prepared soil, but not in holes, as is customary, but in trenches. This method is troublesome, it is necessary to prepare for it in advance, but the efforts and time spent are worth the final result.
In order to do everything right, you must first clean the area selected for the raspberry, mark the landings and dig trenches, the depth of which is from 40 to 45 cm, and the width can vary from 50 to 60 cm, while the row spacing should be left within 120 to 150 - 160 cm, depending on the biological characteristics of the development of the variety selected for planting.
A nutrient pillow 10 cm thick is laid at the bottom of the trench. This can be well-rotted manure mixed with a fertile layer of earth, plant debris, branches, fallen leaves with the addition of a certain amount of green mass - this is who is rich in anything. But the main thing is that it is in this nutrient layer that the whole secret consists. Decaying organic matter will work for your bed for about 5 years, nourishing and warming the plants. And raspberries, just supposed to grow in one place, is just such a period, then she tries to "run away" from the territory allotted to her because of the large number of root secretions that depress herself.
After the nutrient layer is laid, about 10 cm of the earth must be laid out on top - this will enable the decay processes to begin if the trench is prepared in advance, and will protect the cut roots of the seedlings from contact with the decomposing layer.
Now you can proceed with the selection of planting material.
Buying or selecting raspberry seedlings is not worth the rush. Good rooting, development, and possibly a harvest, already this year, will be given only by those that have a well-developed root system, a stem thickness of about 1 cm (no more) and at least 3 buds at the base. At the same time, the height of the selected planting material does not matter, since after planting, the seedling is still cut to 15 - 20 cm.
The principle of planting raspberries in a trench
Having selected healthy plants, they begin to plant them. It is better if two people participate in this event - one holds raspberries by the stem, the other falls asleep.
Raspberry seedlings are placed at a distance of 40 cm from each other, gently straighten the roots, abundantly watered and fall asleep with the earth, while carefully compacting the topsoil. After planting, you can try to pull out the planted plant, if it holds tightly - that means planting is done correctly, if it comes out easily - you need to transplant.
An important point is the depth of the raspberry stem, it must be left at the same level without deepening, otherwise the seedling has a chance to die. But it’s also not worth it to grind with deepening - the root system that is poorly covered by soil will suffer from a lack of moisture.
And some more tips
If time has passed, but your raspberry has not given root shoots - disturb its peace - just dig a plant on one side, and a slight tear of the roots will cause it to start to multiply.
If you do not like to feed your garden with chemistry - collect ash during the year. This is an excellent full, and most importantly balanced fertilizer, not only for raspberries, but also for strawberries.
If you notice that the tops of individual branches of raspberries began to droop, cut them off immediately. This is a sign that a raspberry fly has started in the raspberry. You can fight it with the help of spraying, or you can also mechanically, destroying the fallen leaves, mulching the soil under raspberry bushes, cutting out the shoots affected by the pest.