Ardisia, or Red Peas
At the moment, about 800 species of Ardisia are known. Its homeland is Japan and South Asia. Most common in the culture (Ardisia crenata) and Ardizia curly (Ardisia crispa) Ardisia is a slow-growing plant attractively with its shiny leathery leaves, but its main value is red berries that appear in December. Ardisia berries develop from tiny flowers that bloom in the summer and remain on the plant for several months. If the plant is provided with proper care, then it bears fruit all year round.
Ardizia, or Ardisia (Ardisia) - a genus of woody tropical plants of the Mirsinovy subfamily (Myrsinoideae) family Primrose (Primulaceae).
In the genus Ardisius there are trees, shrubs or shrubs. The leaves are evergreen, shiny, leathery, whole, alternate, opposite or whorled (three in a whorl). Flowers are collected in panicles, umbrellas, brushes; white or pink, the cup is five-parted, the rim is five-parted, spine-like, with bent lobes; five stamens, long, protruding far. The fruit is a spherical, smooth, brightly colored drupe.
Features of the content of ardisia at home
Location: Preferably a bright place where the sun only happens in the morning. Temperature in the summer of 18-20 ° C, in the winter of 15-18 ° C. A wonderful perennial plant for a moderately warm room.
Lighting for ardisia: This plant loves bright light.
Watering Ardisia: Throughout the year, the soil should be constantly moist.
Air humidity: Humidity should be moderate, not high. In order for the berries to form, the air humidity should be more than 60%.
Ardisia dressing: During the growth period, once every two weeks, in the winter - once every four weeks, ordinary floral fertilizers are applied. Features: for better berry formation, flowers are pollinated with a brush.
Ardisia transplant: It is recommended to transplant every one to two years, in the spring, in good clay soil for flowers.
- purchased plants are grown using chemicals that slow down growth, so that the internodes of branches that have grown after purchase will necessarily be longer;
- buds are planted in winter, at a low temperature (15-18 ° C);
- moist air is desirable to set enough fruit.
One of the important conditions for the development of ardisia is good lighting, but it must be shaded from the midday sun. The plant should be watered regularly, as the topsoil dries up. In winter, watering must be reduced. At the same time, the flower requires a cool content with an air temperature of about 15-18 ° C. At the end of February, they transfer it to a warm room and begin to feed it with fertilizers. Do it every two weeks.
Ardizia loves moist air, despite this, it is impossible to spray the bush on which the berries are tied. To create a plant comfortable conditions will help pallets with wet pebbles. Once a month, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. This must be done carefully so as not to touch the berries.
The flower is transplanted once a year into a mixture of leaf soil, peat and sand. At the bottom of the tank must be laid drainage. The volume of the pot during transplantation increases slightly, since it is believed that ardisia blooms better and bears fruit in a tight bowl.
Young plants are grown from seeds. For germination, take the largest ripened berries of ardisia in diameter up to 1 cm. Having freed it from the pulp, we find a hard round bone (0.5 cm) with longitudinal light veins, vaguely reminiscent of unripe gooseberry. Planted to a depth of about 1 cm in a uniformly moistened substrate, cover the pot with glass or a transparent film.
Sowing is carried out in March in the seed soil. Soil temperature is maintained at the level of 18-20 ° С. Ardisia seeds germinate at ordinary room temperature. The grown seedlings are transplanted individually in small containers filled with ordinary soil for potted plants. Only after 2-3 years, seedlings will turn into attractive bushes.
Hard bones of ardisia before planting are recommended to be scarified (carefully filed) and soaked for several hours in a solution of stimulating drugs.
From cuttings, plants develop faster, but cuttings take root not easily, at a soil temperature of at least 25 ° C.
Types of Ardisia
Ardizia angustica (Ardisia crenata)
Ardisia angustica, an extremely attractive and interesting plant, is common in culture. Over the year, bright red berries can adorn the ardisia, then they shrink and fall. The culture grows up to 2 m in height. Particularly decorative leathery dark green with a wavy edge, with nodular swelling of the leaves. In place of white or pink flowers in winter, coral red berries form.
Ardizia curly (Ardisia crispa)
Curly ardisia - A. crispa - 60-80 cm high is much less common. It has leathery regular, oblong-lanceolate, glossy dark green leaves with a wavy edge. In June, star-shaped white-cream flowers with a reddish tint bloom, gathered in fragrant panicles. The curly fruit of Ardisia is a very decorative bright red round berries that often decorate the plant when it blooms again.
Ardizia low (Ardisia humilis)
Ardisia is low - smaller in size than ardisia curly. It has dark green leathery leaves 5-15 cm long. Small light pink flowers collected in drooping panicle inflorescences. Berries first have a brownish-red color, then become glossy and blacken.
Ardizia solanacea (Ardisia solanacea)
Ardisia solanacea is a species with reddish shoots and leathery light green leaves, narrower than the ardisia curly and low. Pink or lilac flowers are quite plain. They are replaced by berries, first reddish, later dark and glossy.
Also found Ardisia Wallich (Ardisia wallichii), which is a significantly larger plant. Leaves up to 20 cm long, 6-8 cm wide, obovate, tapered tapered at the base, whole-marginal. The flowers are bright red, the fruits are black.
Diseases and pests of ardisia
Scales, aphids and mealybugs cause significant damage to the plant. Pests are removed with a cloth or cotton swab dipped in alcohol, and then treated with special insecticides.
Ardisia also have fungal diseases.
Excess water or irregular watering leads to leaf fall.
Light, damaged by chlorosis leaves indicate a lack of iron. The plant is fed with iron chelates (chelates are called a special type of chemical compounds).
Brown tips or leaf edges indicate too dry air, cold drafts or insufficient watering.
Brown spots on the leaves can cause both insufficient watering and a bacterial disease caused by excessive moisture in the air and soil.
The leaves are twisted, soft with brown edges - the temperature is too low, it may be warm during the day, and at night the temperature drops below normal. Make sure that the thermometer does not fall below 12 ° C in winter.
Yellowing of the leaves - with dry air, lack of nutrients in the soil (in particular, nitrogen), when the plant has not been transplanted for a long time, as well as with a lack of lighting, especially in winter.
Light dry spots on the leaves - too intense lighting or sunburn. Ardisia needs shading from direct sunlight at noon.
Thickening at the edges of the leaves is not a sign of disease or pests. Ardisia is characterized by symbiosis with the bacteria Bacillus foliicola, which develop in these nodular thickenings. It has been established that the destruction of these nodes inhibits the growth and development of plants. Ardisia seeds germinate already in the fruits on the plant - this way the plant stimulates the offspring to populate the beneficial microflora. At the same time, bacteria easily reach the growth point of the seedling, and then inside the leaf primordia.
In general, ardizia is a very elegant tree. Her flowers, depending on the species, are pale pink or white. Usually, flowers and berries do not appear at the very top of the plant, but as if under a crown of leaves on the trunk.