Choosing the perfect indoor ficus
Among 800 species of ficus, everyone can choose a pet to their taste. Ficus rubbery, figs or Benjamin's ficus are perhaps the most famous representatives of these plants. But among the ficus plants, one can find compact species, and giants, useful and poisonous plants, large-leaved, small-leaved, and even caudex. All ficuses are united by unpretentiousness, good adaptability and relatively simple care. But still they remain different, and sometimes original plants.
Common features of all ficuses
Ficus - one of the most popular and famous genera of indoor plants. To the genus Ficus (Ficus) belonging to the Mulberry family (Moraceae), includes shrubs, vines and woody plants, ornamental and industrial, perennial, with lignified shoots and very dense, leathery, glossy leaves.
Ficus sizes can exceed 3 m in the largest indoor plants and are limited to 30 cm in compact species and varieties. They are famous for the beauty of heart-shaped, oval, lanceolate, lyre-shaped, rhombic, triangular leaves with a whole or notched edge, from 1 to 70 cm long, short and long-arched. Inflorescences-siconiums of ficuses are similar to fruit-berries with holes at the top.
Despite the enviable variety, different species of ficus have much more in common than it might seem:
- all ficuses are stably decorative, attractive all year round;
- ficus leaves are alternate;
- plants adapt perfectly to room conditions, including warm wintering conditions, although light cool is ideal;
- ficuses are undemanding to lighting, except for dislike for strong shading;
- all species do not really like turning and shifting;
- well tolerate low humidity;
- Yet ficuses are demanding on soil moisture - stable, light and constant;
- they respond to drought by yellowing and partial dropping of leaves;
- they love cleanliness - regular “wet” dust removal and showering (if the size allows);
- for ficus need a universal nutritious and loose earth mixture with a pH from 6.5 to 7.0;
- transplantation is carried out only when necessary - the development of the substrate;
- easily propagated by rooting of the tops of shoots, cuttings, cuttings and even seeds.
But, despite all their commonalities, ficuses differ in the main thing - in decorativeness. The appearance of the plants is so bright that similar and different plants at the same time are not always easy to mistake for relatives. Let's get acquainted with the most popular types of indoor ficus.
1. Figs, wine berries, or Ficus caricas
Figs, Wine Berry, or Ficus Caricat (Ficus carica) - a tree with a light bark. Partially throws off large, with beautiful recesses along the edge, three-, five- or seven-lobed, hard and dark leaves with a slight edge for the winter. It is very interesting to watch shoots with inflorescences develop from sleeping buds in the axils of the leaves, and then amazing pear-shaped fruit trees that hide thousands of seeds are tied up, it is very interesting.
Self-pollinating indoor varieties require bright lighting and cool wintering, careful care, but are able to produce crops twice a year.
2. Ficus rubbery, or elastic
Ficus rubbery, or elastic (Ficus elastica) - a legendary vine with very strong, straight and powerful shoots and large, up to 30 cm oval leaves with a noticeable central vein. It adapts well to different lighting, requires formation and control.
Read more about this type of ficus in the article Ficus rubbery.
3. Ficus wall
Ficus wall (Ficus parietalisstill better known by the old name Ficus cerasiformis) - a beautiful bush with orange-brown shoots, elongated-oval leaves up to 23 cm in length with a light vein and rare white specks. It is famous for its rough edge and cherry-like orange fruit. Shade-tolerant, thermophilic and tolerates a single drought or waterlogging.
4. Ficus Benjamin
Ficus Benjamin (Ficus benjamina) - small-leaved, with a beautiful graceful spherical crown and densely branched, slightly drooping shoots at the ends, a bush or a tree. It has oval-pointed, medium-sized leaves and a grayish bark with brown strokes. There are many varieties with different variegated colors - fast-growing, photophilous, adoring stable humidity.
5. Ficus Binnendi, or Loosestrife
Ficus Binnendi, or Loosestrife (Ficus binnendijkii) - a view with very long and thin leaves, as if slightly folded along the central vein. This ficus is appreciated for grace, height up to 1 m, rapid growth, bizarrely twisted shoots. Photophilous, thermophilic, undemanding appearance, easily changing shape and size.
6. Dwarf ficus
Ficus dwarf (Ficus pumila) - a climbing vine, clinging to supports by suction cups. It forms two types of leaves - young, tender and small, creating a decorative effect and age, large and hard - on thick branches. The latter are able to form fruits. Juvenile leaves are only up to 4 cm long, on short petioles seem surprisingly elegant - heart-shaped, lanceolate, round, with a wavy or even edge, of different colors in varieties. This is one of the most photophilous, sensitive to waterlogging and drought species of ficus. Easily formed into shapes, pillows, ampels and cascades.
7. Ficus swept
Ficus swept (Ficus sagittata), or Ficus Rooting (Ficus radicans) - a beautiful liana with elegant lignified shoots and small rough leaves of an ideal teardrop-shaped or heart-shaped. The species has many variegated varieties. He loves high humidity and is most often used for walls.
8. Ficus natal
Ficus Natal (Ficus natalensis), or Ficus triangular (Ficus triangularis) - an elegant plant with almost triangular, reverse heart-shaped leaves on thin shoots. It grows better in moderate temperatures, suitable for bonsai.
9. Rough ficus
Rough Ficus (Ficus aspera) - a compact woody appearance with large lanceolate, oval or heart-shaped leaves with a rough surface and a wavy edge. Varieties are characterized by marble and mottled patterns. This is a lover of soft lighting and coolness. Afraid of drafts and sudden changes in conditions.
10. Ficus lyre-shaped
Ficus lyre (Ficus lyrata) - an evergreen arboreal species with densely leafy shoots and stunningly large leaves that look like a violin up to 60 cm in length. Hard, dark, slightly wavy, leaves shine brighter than all other species. This ficus loves spraying and thorough care.
11. Ficus sacred
Ficus Sacred (Ficus religiosa) - “crying” type of ficus with heart-shaped, leathery, with a very long tip leaves up to 18 cm long, which sit on twice the larger petioles. He is afraid of dampness, direct sun, cold, drafts and changes.
12. Ficus Equivalent
Ficus Equivalent (Ficus rubiginosa) Is an evergreen species with a very dense hemispherical crown and powerful aerial roots covering the lower part of the gray trunk. Bright apical buds, large broadly oval leaves with a rough surface and a blunt tip in their youth appear red. The view is extremely sensitive to water temperature, waterlogging, temperature extremes.
13. Ficus Bengali
Ficus Bengali, or Banyan (Ficus benghalensis) - a powerful view with beautiful aerial roots. After rooting, they lignify and create an amazing effect of multi-stemmed thickets. Its ovoid leaves with light veins are often colored in mottled ripples. This species is often grown in the form of bonsai or restrained by constant pruning and limiting the size of the pots.
14. Ficus small-fruited
Ficus small-fruited (Ficus microcarpa) Is the most popular bonsai species, easily pruned, with a beautiful bark, bare rhizome, numerous aerial roots and small oval-pointed leaves. Shade-tolerant, heat- and moisture-loving, requires high humidity.
And if you don’t like the classics, then take a look at the most original ficuses from among the caudexes.
15. Ficus Palmer
Ficus Palmer (Ficus palmeri) forms a powerful thickened light beige bottle-shaped trunk and a small crown in the form of a bunch of leaves at the ends of shoots. Large, heart-shaped leaves with a diameter of up to 15 cm are quite bright. The view is hardy, but does not like changes and contrasts.
16. Ficus petiole
Ficus petiole (Ficus petiolaris) Is a spectacular caudex species, in which bizarre thickened trunks are combined with very large gray-green leaves, the pink petioles of which turn into a bright pink network of veins. It requires careful monitoring of the "signals" of the plant and the selection of a bright "stable" place.
Dear readers! In this article we talked about the most popular types of ficuses for indoor floriculture. If you grow ficus, which we did not remember, we will be glad if you share your experience.