5 mistakes in caring for room balsam
One of the oldest and always popular indoor plants - balsam - is not accidentally considered easy to grow. According to popular rumor, indoor balsam is unpretentious, hardy enough and suffers only from serious misses in care. Even children can grow it. True, to consider him a kind of simpleton would be a big mistake. Balsam has basic care requirements that are best avoided. After all, serious misses with watering, top dressing and pruning are catastrophic for this plant.
Balsamine is a representative of the Balsamine family, a medium-sized herbaceous perennial prone to rapid degeneration. Therefore, it is often grown as an airman. Balsamins develop rapidly, grow sprawling, drop lower leaves and easily grow up to 60 cm without control.
The abundant flowering of balsam is its main trump card. Indoor balsamins can bloom from mid-spring to late autumn, and with perfect care - all year round. The choice of varieties - simple or double, variegated or bright-leaved, with white, pink or red flowers - allows anyone to find their favorite.
Roly wet, Twinkle, or Touchy (Impatiens) - a houseplant. And very simple, but with surprises. He is a true Tropican, and his requirements for conditions of detention clearly reveal his origin. Indeed, in the room for balsamins will have to recreate the subtropics and tropics of Asia and Africa. It grows rapidly, also quickly “loses shape” and requires attention and some control. Due to the speed of development, balsam is perfectly restored, but not after all the problems, and only if you respond to signals very quickly.
Balsamins do not have many requirements:
- good lighting;
- warm room from spring to autumn and cool in winter;
- cramped pot;
- loose breathable earth mixture;
- good drainage layer.
Consider the most common mistakes that can be made in the care of balsam and methods for their correction.
1. Lack of protection from direct sun
Balsam blooms well only in bright light, some varieties also adapt to partial shade, but still, most often, balsam is placed on window sills. However, if in spring and autumn blooming balsamins feel good on the brightest window sills, then from mid-May to September this lighting needs to be adjusted.
The hot summer sun is dangerous for balsamines. Leaves and flowers of the plant suffer from direct rays. And if you do not include the installation of a scattering screen or other precautionary methods (shifting to the far rows on the windowsill, moving away from the window, moving to a new place, a tall neighbor plant), problems cannot be avoided.
2. Underestimation or reappraisal of the hydrophilicity of balsamins
Sensitive to droughts and insufficient soil moisture, balsam quickly reacts even to light drying of the substrate. It withers literally before our eyes, turns yellow, drops leaves and flowers. The bushes “come to life” already in the morning, but the drought will not pass without a trace for the leaves of the plant. The main goal of watering this plant was and remains one - to keep the bushes fresh constantly. But in pursuit of maintaining a stable high soil moisture, overdoing it with watering is one of the most serious mistakes.
The status of a moisture-loving plant in balsam does not mean that it tolerates dampness, even if this plant gets rid of excess water, highlighting its drops along the edges of leaves and on stems. Roly wet, indeed, has an increased need for watering. But they should not violate the breathability of the soil, lead to waterlogging or stagnation of water. This invariably turns into decay and the spread of disease. 5 minutes after watering, excess water must be drained from pallets.
But only this is not enough for the proper watering of balsamins:
- Watering for balsamins should be frequent, with control of drying of the soil. In summer, they give her only a little to dry on top, in winter they dry the top 2-3 cm.
- Watering balsam in small portions of water, dividing watering by 2-3 times, you can achieve the most uniform and high-quality hydration without extremes.
3. Lack of spraying
Maintaining a stable and sufficiently high soil moisture is often regarded as the only thing this plant needs. But the humidity of the substrate does not diminish the love of balsamins and moist air. Of course, there is no need to install special humidifiers for indoor balsamins. But they react to the sprayings so positively that they should not be excluded from care.
Balsamins are sprayed only with warm water, if the plant blooms - gently and only on the leaves. It is necessary to ensure that drops of water do not fall on the buds and petals. Balsamins will not refuse from periodic warm fragrance, especially at the stage of active growth before the start of flowering or during the heat.
4. Inadequate ventilation
Ideally, even indoor balsam in the warm season is best taken out into the fresh air. The abundance of flowering and the beauty of the greenery of bushes located on balconies or in the garden is incomparable with room mates. True, in the fresh air, balsam is better regarded as a shade-loving plant.
If in the summer there is simply nowhere to take the balsamics, they are put where the window is constantly or often ajar, so that they enjoy the constant influx of fresh air.
During purely room keeping, regardless of the season, balsam will not grow normally without airing. Even in the cool, they are still held regularly, protecting the bushes from drafts. Balsamins should grow with fresh air. The more air stagnates in the room, the more balsamins will be exposed, the more actively they will drop leaves and age.
It is worth paying attention to the fact that the air circulation around the balsam bushes is as important as for roses. These crumbs are not placed cramped with other plants, but so that the air moves freely from all sides.
5. Failure to form
Delicate shoots of balsamins do not require any complicated pruning techniques and themselves suggest how best to keep them in shape. Simple pinching of shoots is a measure that is often abandoned by pinching the tops only in seedlings and young cuttings.
In order for the balsam to remain compact for a long time, they constantly grow, and therefore also bloom relentlessly, you need to pinch each new shoot on the plant, even side branches. The central shoot is limited in cropping growth. Formation is carried out throughout the entire period of active vegetation.
If balsam is deformed or begins to bloom poorly, and you do not have the right conditions for wintering, it is better to multiply the bushes and grow a replacement from the cuttings. Balsam reproduces amazingly easily. Cuttings can be rooted simply in water. In such a simple way, all year round you can replace any balsamine affected by improper care with new bushes, planting them in a small group.