Problems of growing indoor plants. Part 2.
Growing indoor plants is associated with a number of problems. These include:
Leaf dropping - the plant begins to lose more green, but slightly shriveled leaves.
The cause of this problem is too plentiful or, conversely, insufficient watering, in the dry air in the room (especially during the heating season) or in a depleted substrate.
You can help the plant if you transplant it, adjust the watering, put the pot on a layer of expanded clay or fine gravel and spray the plant every day.
The tip here is simple.: prune bare branches, especially in winter, do not hesitate. And new sprouts will appear faster.
Slow growth - the development of the plant is too slow, or it does not bloom and does not grow at all. Usually their appearance is stunted, some parts of the leaves are discolored, the distances between the leaves are too short.
The reason for this condition is that the plant “sat up” in a depleted substrate, it was not transplanted for a long time. Just bought plants in an inert substrate can also behave.
Help consists in urgent plant transplantation into a substrate enriched with nutrients and organic fertilizers (10-20%) based on manure and algae. If transplantation is not possible, begin to water the plant with a weakly concentrated solution of the nutrient mixture.
Tip: it is better to transplant all purchased plants, only with flowering plants should this procedure be postponed until the end of flowering.
Greening - the appearance of green leaves on plants with colored or variegated leaves.
The causes of this problem are most likely degeneration, revealing genetic features to the detriment of species. If a plant with colored leaves does not have enough light, the same thing happens, and green shoots are usually stronger than variegated ones.
Help the plant by removing the entire strong green part so that it does not clog the weaker colored part.
Tip: when colored leaves appear on green specimens, cut them, you may get a new variety of plant.
Yellowing - the leaves begin to turn yellow, fly around, leaving the trunk naked.
The reasons for this phenomenon are that as a result of lignification of the trunk, bark or dead cork-like tissues are formed that do not feed the leaves located on them, so they turn yellow and fall off. For lower leaves, this is a natural process. Ficus rubbery behaves just like that.
A normal occurrence for winter is the fall of less than 1/3 of all leaves. If more leaves turn yellow - this is an alarming symptom. So the plant signals dry air, improper watering or unadjusted top dressing.
Help: limited watering, but high humidity, frequent spraying at low room temperature in winter. In summer, it is necessary to inspect the plant so that red spider mites do not wound on it.
Tip: falling of 1-2 leaves should not cause concern. Tuberous or bulbous plants (caladium, hyperastrum, sinigia) usually discard yellowed leaves. This is normal for the bromeliads, their mother plant dies several months after flowering.
Drying - manifests itself in the darkening of the top or the whole plant, the brown sections of which become "paper", the plants die.
The reasons are in dry or smoky air, in chlorinated water for irrigation, in a sharp change in temperature, if the plant was taken out to fresh air too early in the spring.
Help the plant recover by adjusting watering. Drafts are harmful, but you need to ventilate the room. Daily irrigation is necessary if the air temperature exceeds 20 ° C. It is good if regulators are installed on radiators. It is useful to put pots with plants on a layer of fine gravel or constantly wet expanded clay.
Tip is obvious - Use only the settled water so that chlorine leaves it and the water has time to warm up to room temperature.
Withering - sluggish leaves sag, the plant gradually dries.
The reasons for this are the lack of moisture, the substrate is too rarely watered, and the water is poorly held in the ground or, conversely, does not reach the roots.
Help is in water “procedures”, that is, at elevated air temperatures you need to water the plant more often and “bathe” them every 10 days, immersing them in a bath or deep basin with water for 30 minutes so that the earthen lump is properly saturated.
Tip: it is important that the top layer of peat is no more than 1/3, and the soil mixture is perfectly regulated by lowland peat with garden soil.
Plant strain - behind the leaves, the stems shrink, become wavy, twist, and the barely blossomed flowers are ugly ragged.
The causes of such symptoms can be found in viral diseases. True, it must be said that this is more common in industrial greenhouses. Tissues can also be deformed as a result of cold air, fertilizers oversaturated with potassium.
Helping plants - in creating suitable living conditions. If the symptoms do not disappear after a month, then the plant affected by the virus will have to be thrown away.
Tip: Do not place the plant close to the window pane to avoid thermal shock. And you need to water them only with water at room temperature.
Only proper care and suitable living conditions will help to cope with problems and ensure a healthy appearance for indoor plants.