Curculigo molineria - chic leaves with minimal care
One of the easiest to grow green houseplants of curculigo does not seem modest at all. Beautiful leaves in thick jackets outwardly resemble lobes of palm leaves. Perfect in shape, bright, unusual, curculigo leaves conquer with the brightness of a green tint and its modern minimalism. This plant fits perfectly into the interiors, placing unobtrusive, pleasing look accents in collections and solos. Curculigo is one of the most grateful and undemanding indoor plants. And although it has long been retrained to molineries, it is one of the most recognizable.
- Almost bulbous curculigo with palm leaves
- Types of Curculigo
- Conditions for growing indoor curculigo
- Care for curculigo at home
- Diseases, pests and growing problems
- Propagation of Curculigo
Almost bulbous curculigo with palm leaves
Classification of curculigo is often difficult. This plant was previously attributed to the Amaryllis family, and out of habit, it is often continued today to be included in the ranks of indoor onion bulbs. Despite the fact that the only indoor curculigo has long been retrained in another genus - Molineri, and in another family - now the curculigo represent the family Hypoxic (Hypoxidaceae) - on the shelves the plant is still found under the old name.
They sell and advertise curculigo-molineria as a simple herbaceous perennial with decorative leaves, almost not paying attention to the nature of growth and structural features of the plant, which provide both endurance and such a simple character.
This amazing plant from India came to us, where the bushes of curculigo create impressive massifs and perfectly complement the look of the local exotic flora. This culture can be found in other countries of southeast Asia, but associations with the Indian flora have become canonical.
Curculigo molineria is often described as a modest houseplant, a small pot accent, but in fact it is far from a small culture, which can be compared in size and role in the interior with three-lane sansevieria.
Curculigo belongs to the evergreen herbaceous perennials. The plant is often described as a perennial with a shortened or underground stem, but in fact it does not form shoots and what looks like a stem is the upper part of a vertical growing, thickened rhizome from which root leaves grow.
Curculigo leaves are very easy to recognize for everyone who grew palm trees from seeds: they really look like undivided palm trees - whole, hard, very beautiful, with longitudinal venation. Folded and strong, the leaves of curculigo, depending on the species, can grow from 1 m to 1.2 m in length. The width of the leaf can reach 15 cm. Their lanceolate shape seems exemplary: rather broad, with elongated ends, the leaves conquer not only a beautiful folded-corrugated structure, but also a very beautiful and bright shade of dark green color.
The leaves sit on short grooved petioles, they are beautifully folded back, and more often than not in one direction, which enhances the effect of thick curtains and creates an interesting play of lines. Curculigo leaves are very fragile. They do not recover from injuries, so you need to handle the plant very carefully.
The flowering of curculigo-molineri is rarely called decorative, but it is not at all noteworthy. Grayish-yellow, with a muffled color, somewhat reminiscent of lilies, flowers with massive stamens are collected in medium-sized brushes and heads of inflorescences at the very base of the leaves. The flowers seem to be bashfully hiding under the same bracts as the flower itself, with bracts, whose dense decorative edge makes the whole plant very exotic. Comparison with lilies is not accidental: the flower consists of bent backward, triangular-lanceolate, pointed at the edges of the sepals.
The flowering period of curculigo usually covers the entire summer. Some plants bloom in May, others only in June, but flowering can last until September.
Types of Curculigo
The molinerium is small-headed, or Curculigo turned away, Curculigo curved (Molineria capitulata, synonym Curculigo recurvata) is still the only indoor species of curculigo, despite the fact that the plant was re-qualified for a long time in the genus Molineria.
Widely lanceolate, with an elongated tip, rigid, folded, sitting on short petioles, unfolding in different directions in groups, leaves of this type of “former curculigo” growing up to 1 m in length look impressive in the rooms. And even a nondescript flowering with a yellowish-pale tone of graceful bell-shaped flowers in the heads of inflorescences cannot distract from their beauty. Flowering of this plant lasts from May to September.
Conditions for growing indoor curculigo
Curculigo—molineria easily adapts to insufficient lighting, but makes somewhat unusual demands on the temperature of the content. Thanks to the love of coolness, the plant has earned a reputation as one of the best species for decorating the hall and lobby, public buildings and offices. But in the rooms kurkuligo also feels comfortable. He does not even need to create a special phase of peace.
Lighting and placement
This is one of the most shade-tolerant indoor plants (subject to slow adaptation to minimal illumination). It does not like direct midday rays, but in diffused lighting it will gladly settle on the windowsill and in the interior, subject to the selection of semi-shaded and partially shady locations.
Curculigo feels great in rooms with windows of eastern, western and northern orientation. The stability of lighting throughout the year is important, therefore, most often the plant is moved to brighter places in the winter to preserve the decorativeness of the leaves. This culture does not need illumination, being reconciled well and with insufficient lighting even with a strong reduction in daylight hours.
One of the most unusual features of curculigo, which also makes this plant related to some palm trees, is a dislike for contacts. Curculigo will not develop normally if the leaves touch walls or other plants. This is a lone culture that can be placed in one place with other potted plants, but at a certain distance, excluding too tight groups. The exceptional fragility of the leaves requires accuracy in handling it.
Temperature and ventilation
Curculigo adores steadily warm temperatures. For this plant, it is as if the conditions of living rooms were specially created, because it reveals the highest growth rates and beauty at a temperature of about 23 degrees Celsius. In the active period of growth, it is undesirable for the air temperature to drop below 18 degrees. During dormancy, short-term drops of up to 13 degrees are permissible. But it is better to leave the temperature unchanged, or at least not lower than 18 degrees.
Curculigo does not respond well to temperature fluctuations. Curligo bushes are better protected from drafts, but still need to ventilate the premises more often.
Care for curculigo at home
To grow kurkuligo-molineriya under the force of even beginner growers. The plant does not require any procedures to increase humidity, nor complex care. All you need to remember is the susceptibility of leaves to injuries and the fear of plants inaccurate and too generous watering.
Watering and humidity
Watering for kurkuligo should be regular, but fairly restrained. The plant develops rapidly in the summer, so watering should be more frequent, but during active growth and during dormancy, accuracy in irrigation is better than generosity. Kuruligo does not like waterlogging of the soil, is not afraid of a short drought. It is best to water the plant, allowing the substrate to dry out almost halfway between these procedures.
Curculigo molineria is happy to respond to spraying, but it feels good in ordinary living rooms, even if the temperature exceeds 23 degrees comfortable for him when the heating system is working. In summer, regular spraying will enhance the beauty of the leaves, especially when kept in good light, but you can do without these simple procedures.
Curculigo foliage should be regularly cleaned of dust by wiping or washing with warm water and a soft sponge. In this case, you must act extremely carefully, since any damage will lead to irreparable loss of the sheet. Wiping the dust, it is worth moving along the folds, along the length of the leaves, avoiding unnecessary repeated rubbing.
The injured leaves of the plant are not restored, and old foliage has to be cut periodically. Cutting is carried out the entire sheet as a whole, together with the handle, sharp disinfected tools.
Fertilizing and fertilizer composition
Fertilizers for this plant are needed only during active growth, from March to September. For the plant, the standard frequency of fertilizing is suitable - 1 time in 15 days, but halved compared to the standard dose, or 1 fertilizing per month with a standard portion of fertilizers.
For kurkuligo-molinery any quality universal fertilizer is suitable. If possible, plants can be fed with organic preparations, but full mineral mixtures are quite suitable. Despite the dominance of foliage in the list of decorative characteristics of the plant, fertilizers for ornamental-deciduous plants for curculigo are not used.
Transplant and substrate
Kurkuligo is transplanted once every two years or as the capacity is filled and the entire available substrate is developed. Even at a young age it is better to focus on the growth rate, and not on a specific schedule.
For kurkuligo, special containers are selected that allow to increase the width, but not too deep, corresponding to the type of rhizome. Wide and shallow pots with high-quality drainage holes are best chosen from among the containers made of natural materials.
For this, plants select high-quality nutritious soil mixtures. A universal substrate for indoor plants of any manufacturer is quite suitable. You can independently prepare the substrate on the basis of soddy soil, adding humus and leafy soil and sand to it (ratio 2: 1: 1: 0.5) or on the basis of leafy soil, adding humus, peat and sand (ratio 2: 1: 1: 1).
Be sure to lay drainage at the bottom of the tanks. Curculigo will prefer not coarse fractions, but fine, but well-draining water drainage, for example, from coarse sand or fine expanded clay. When transplanting plants try to minimize contact with the roots and maintain the previous level of penetration.
Diseases, pests and growing problems
This is one of the most resistant to diseases and pests plant. The only insect that loves the tough leaves of curculigo is scale insects. You can get rid of them with a simple mechanical washing. But it is better to combine the removal of insects from greens with the use of insecticides.
Common growing problems:
- the appearance of black spots with excessive moisture;
- brown spots on the leaves in direct sunlight.
Propagation of Curculigo
Curculigo is propagated mainly vegetatively. The easiest way to divide the large overgrown bushes, separating half or a third of the bush in a new container. But you can propagate the plant and individual offspring. Subsidiary plants are separated (cut off) during transplantation, planting in a standard mixture of kurkuligo for earth mixtures.