Tradescantia gibazis - "white veil" for flower beds, containers and window sills
With the growing popularity of container gardening, the assortment of plants suitable for growing in hanging baskets, balcony drawers and flowerpots is growing. At the beginning of last season, I saw a very interesting plant on sale. The characteristic appearance betrayed a tradescantia in an unusual flower, but of a very miniature form. Tradescantia are extremely popular indoor plants, many species of which are also grown outdoors. So this tiny tradescantia called "gibazis" is primarily used for landscaping the local area as an ampel plant. What are the features of this plant and how easy is it in culture?
Gibasis - plant description
In fact, gibazis can be called "tradescantia" is very arbitrary. Although both plants belong to the same Commeline family and have much in common, they belong to more than one genus. In Latin, their names also sound differently. Tradescantia is ‘tradescantia’, and hibasis is ‘gibasis’.
In particular, the view that interested me is gibazis cranked (Gibasis geniculata) In the West, this flower has folk names "Wedding Veil" or Tahitian veil (Tahitian bridal veil) They took root because almost all year round the plant is strewn with tiny white flowers on thin openwork peduncles that form a lace veil against a background of dark foliage.
Note: according to other sources, the plant belongs to the species tripogandra multiflora (Tripogandra multiflora) It is often called and tradescantia is multiflorous. Therefore, by and large, the gibazis can also be called tradescantia.
Gibasis is distinguished by small narrow leaves of 2-5 centimeters long and one centimeter wide. The color of the leaves is two-tone: on top it is olive-green, and on the back it is purple-violet. Tiny snow-white flowers are collected in airy panicle inflorescences. Their diameter is less than one centimeter (0.7 mm), and the shape is typical for tradescantia, since the cup consists of three petals.
Each flower blooms for only one day, but hundreds of new ones bloom to fade, so the plant has been in bloom for most of the year. The most massive flowering can be observed from the beginning of summer to autumn. In winter, gibazis can only blossom individual flowers or temporarily stop flowering.
Conditions and care for gibazis
This plant is not only very beautiful, but also quite easy to care for. However, despite the fact that this tradescantia is a hardy culture, it also needs to create certain conditions in order to achieve the best results.
The optimal location for the gibasis in terms of illumination is partial shade or even shadow. Therefore, it is better to plant a tradescantia in protected places where it will not receive too much direct sunlight. It is best that the plant is lit by the sun in the morning and evening, and at noon arrives in the shade.
Gibasis loves moist soil and high humidity. Nevertheless, the substrate must be allowed to dry slightly between waterings. Waterlogging, as well as excessive dryness of the root coma are not permissible. Drying the soil can cause buds to drop, and excessive moisture will cause root rot.
A tropical guest can be kept year-round at room temperature. Active growth of the plant continues in the range from +15 ° C to +30 ° C. At temperatures below +10 ° C, all metabolic processes in the plant stop, that is, this indicator is critical. Artificially creating a resting period, the gibazis does not need to, therefore, the plant can easily tolerate the temperature conditions of a city apartment in the winter.
Tradescantia gibazis is very easy to propagate by growing new plants from cuttings. For the propagation of gibazis, you can use pieces of the stem with at least two leaves. Cutting cuttings for rooting can be almost the whole year.
To plant a gibazis, a fertile substrate with a high level of moisture capacity will be required. Usually this tradescantia will grow and develop well in ready-made mixtures for indoor plants, flowers or vegetables. Given the ampelic nature of gibazis growth, broad low bowls or hanging planters are best suited for it.
In indoor culture, gibazis can be planted and transplanted in the fall or spring. And if you use a flower for garden design, then planting this tradescantia in the open ground is possible only when the threat of frost passes - mid-end of May.
Before planting, dig a hole twice the width of the container in which the plant was previously located. Remove the seedling from the container and place it in the pit, while trying to ensure that the soil level is the same as in the previous container. The first time tradescantia will require shading and more abundant watering.
If the plant is grown as a houseplant, then in the first year when planting in fresh fertile soil it can not be fertilized. And in subsequent years, for more active growth, she will need to be fed every 4-8 weeks - from April to September. When growing gibazis in container compositions on the street, long-acting fertilizers (sticks or granules) can be applied during planting.
My experience growing gibazis
I grew the tradescantia gibazis as part of a tubular composition from annual plants. A young well-developed seedling was purchased at the end of May and planted in a specialized soil for flowering plants based on deoxidized peat and vermicompost. For additional plant nutrition, I also introduced long-acting complex fertilizer granules.
Ampoule petunia and cochia (summer cypress) in the center of the composition became the neighbors of the tradescantia. The gibazis surprisingly grew rapidly and soon literally turned into a very lush bush before our eyes, covered most of the tub surface and could even compete with a powerful climbing petunia.
A container with plants was placed in the depths of the balcony facing west, that is, it was actually in partial shade. Tradescantia received regular watering in hot weather and feeding with liquid mineral fertilizer, which was intended mainly for petunia.
Gibasis showed itself as a very unpretentious plant that did not cause me any problems during the whole summer: it developed well, was constantly in bloom, was not affected by pests, and even the ubiquitous spider mite bypassed it.
Some species of tradescantia (for example, Virginia tradescantia) can winter in the middle lane, while hibazis is a tropical plant, which belongs to the frost zone 9-11. That is, in winter it can only be contained as a houseplant.
In fact, a mother liquor growing in a bowl for wintering can be brought into the room as a whole. But since my plant was in a tub and was a very voluminous bush, to save space on the windowsill, I decided to leave rooted cuttings for the winter. To do this, in September, cuttings were carried out.
Theoretically, one branch will be enough for the propagation of tradescantia. But the stems of gibazis are so thin and intertwined that it was much more convenient to cut the cuttings in a small bunch. As in the case of the usual tradescantia, you can put the cut stems into the water and wait for the formation of roots, and then plant them in the ground. But you can root the cuttings directly in the ground.
I used the second option and after cutting, powdering the stems with Kornevin, I planted a bunch of stems in a half-liter glass, covered with ready-made purchased soil for flowers, and watered abundantly. Additional greenhouses from a plastic bag or other things did not need to be arranged. The cuttings did not wither at all, and after a while young leaves began to form on them, which indicated that the plant was successfully rooted.
Thus, my gibazis proved to be a very worthy and absolutely unpretentious flower that can decorate any container composition in the garden or on the balcony.
Gibasis in design
Gibasis is a charming, hardy ampel, suitable both for growing as a houseplant and for landscaping outdoors in hanging baskets or pots. Gibasis is also attractive as a groundcover, and can be planted in open ground directly on a flower bed in the summer.
The dense texture and delicate flowers give a special charm to the hanging gardens on the terraces and balconies. Gibasis can even be used to form a green wall to create greater privacy in recreation areas.
This is a completely self-sufficient plant. Solo gibazis will look modern, strict and stylish. But nevertheless it will be much more interesting to find partners for this tradescant who will brighten its dark foliage with bright blooms and create a contrast to small flowers.
When choosing partners for a tradescation, it is important to consider two points: firstly, do not forget about its ability to grow very quickly and greatly. Having acquired a small stalk, it is important to give him enough room for growth and not to plant too close to other plants, otherwise the gibazis will make them too much competition.
It is important not to plant stunted and slow-growing plants next to it, otherwise its thin, but very numerous lashes will simply hide the neighboring flowers under them and prevent them from fully developing.
The best partners for gibazis will be flowers with large bushes of a vertical type of growth. It is better that they have large leaves or flowers. Also, plants in the company to the tradescantia are preferably planted not one at a time, but in groups.
The second important condition: the preference for gibasis to grow in partial shade. So, the partners for this tradescant should also have similar lighting requirements. Otherwise, too light-loving plants will not be able to reach their full potential.
Given all of the above, the best partners for gibazis can be: Waller balsam, Novogvineysk balsam, coleus, begonia and some other shade-tolerant flowers. Plant the tradescantia as close to the edge as possible so that most of its green mass hangs outside the container and does not interfere with neighboring plants.