Garden in a vessel, or do-it-yourself Florarium
The created gardens in sealed vessels are ideal for demanding small indoor plants that cannot be kept under normal indoor conditions. In such vessels, moisture constantly circulates, condensing on the glass walls, it runs droplets down them back in droplets. In addition, this method of planting is quite exotic and it will always be a matter of pride. For the garden in the vessel, special bottles or the most common large glass jars for bulk products are used.
Florarium, or plant terrarium - a special container designed to contain various plants. Inside the florarium, a certain humidity and temperature are created and maintained.
Which plants to choose?
The moist, protected and motionless atmosphere of the garden sealed in a vessel will allow you to grow miniature plants of rainforests and the jungle that would not survive in the usual dry air of the room. If the vessel is left open and carefully watered, then plants that are less demanding on high humidity can be placed there. Even blooming species are placed in such kindergartens, only at the same time it is necessary to constantly remove wilted flowers. Otherwise, rotted inflorescences can become a source of fungal diseases.
In a closed vessel, plants can remain for months without any of your attention. Going on a long absence, you can be sure that even plants like selaginella and ferns will be healthy. Gardens in open vessels will require extremely careful watering. Flowering plants and fast growing plants in a vessel will need pruning and regular maintenance. When choosing a plant for the garden, you need to consider its adaptability to poor lighting and stable humidity.
See also our detailed material: We choose plants for the florarium.
Choosing a place and capacity for florarium
For the garden in the vessel, you need to choose the right place. Special large bottles for such kindergartens are usually made of transparent white glass and green. If you choose a green bottle, then you need to know that glass of this color will absorb more light. Both a gloomy dark corner and a bright window for placement are not desirable. The penetrating rays of the sun, first through a window, and then through a glass vessel increase their thermal effect, which leads to a strong increase in temperature inside.
An ideal place is a window where direct sunlight does not penetrate or a small table under a bright window, where plants could not feel the direct sun. Instead of a table, you can use a metal stand, emphasizing the peculiarity of an exotic garden.
How to make a do-it-yourself florarium?
Now let's try to create a small garden in the vessel. First of all, the vessel must be disinfected, clean and dry. Using a cone made of a sheet of paper, pour a layer of clay granules, fine gravel or charcoal to the bottom. After that, add the soil mixture.
In order for plants in the vessel to be conveniently planted or moved, use spoons or forks tied to wooden sticks. After you planted the plant, you need to tamp the soil around it well, this can be done using a conventional spool of thread planted on a stick. Now plants and soil can be sprayed with water using a sprayer.
How to get the right humidity?
The correct balance of the humid atmosphere in the vessel is achieved only by the method of errors and samples. If too much moisture is poured into the vessel, the plants begin to rot, and condensation will constantly collect on the walls of the vessel. With insufficient water, the plants stop growing. If the soil in the vessel is too wet to the touch and looks too wet, then the cover must be removed and left for two to three days. You will see by drying the soil, when it will be possible to cover the garden again.
With a decrease in temperature in the room, steam may appear on the walls of the vessel, this is a normal phenomenon, especially in the morning. In the morning, the condensate should disappear, if this did not happen, then the soil is very wet and you need to open the vessel for a day. If condensate did not form during a sharp drop in temperature, then the soil is dry.
See also our material on this topic: Terrariums for plants, or Florariums.