Echeveria carnicolor - succulent for modern interiors
Echeverias are one of the most popular succulents. Among echeveria there are many species that can grow well and form dense rosettes with strict patterns. But the growing popularity of indoor florariums and succulent gardens led to the fact that among echeveria plants that were able to surprise with their texture, original rosette and unusual color began to be considered more fashionable. One of the special species is the reddish Echeveria carnicolor, an excellent candidate for the design of a modern interior.
- What does Echeveria carnicolor look like?
- Conditions for growing Echeveria carnicolor
- Caring for echeveria carnicolor at home
- Diseases, pests and growing problems
- Reproduction of Echeveria carnicolor
What does Echeveria carnicolor look like?
Echeveria seems to many a very monotonous kind of succulents, similar in all respects, which does not always correspond to reality. In the genus of desert stars from Central America, there are plants both very modest and unprepossessing, and brighter in texture, color and nature of growth.
Some echeveries are grateful background cultures and modest landscapers, while others can become a bright star of the succulent collection. There are just a few types of plants that are easy to identify in any company. And one of the most special representatives of the clan - Echeveria carnicolor (Echeveria carnicolor).
With the names, or rather, the localized names of this plant, there are many confusions. And the point is not only that Echeveria and Echeveria are equally acceptable formulations. Echeveria carnicolor is also called carnicolor, cornicolera, cornicolor, meat-flowering, meat-red or red-leafed echeveria. There are a lot of formulations as variations of the translation of a botanical name. But this, of course, does not affect the fact that this type of eheveria clearly stands out from other plants and is very easy to identify.
Echeveria carnicolor in nature creates bizarre carpet coverings in the mountainous and semi-desert regions of Central America, and for the most part - in Mexico.
Echeveria carnicolor (Echeveria carnicolor) - stunted, creeping succulent with small leaves collected in sockets. Shoots are shortened, rosettes are flat, daughter leaf rosettes are formed in large numbers. Young outlets only sit on shortened shoots at the beginning, then they gradually lengthen and extend, lie down along with the outlet located on the top.
In the absence of rejuvenation or pruning of elongated shoots, so much is formed that the plant can appear as a partially ampelous or ground cover crop.
Leaves are back-lanceolate or scapular, collected in a rather loose, but retaining a strict form, rosette resembling a large flower. The length of the leaves reaches 5 cm with a width of up to 1.5 cm, the tip is delicately pointed. Fleshy, thick, translucent, with papillae on the surface, flat on top and convex below, the leaves of the echeveria carnicolor seem larger than those of silver-leaf competitors with a stake on metal textures.
Echeveria carnicolor is characterized by a unique watercolor, with a transition from light green to reddish-coral color. The matte surface texture emphasizes the play of shades and the overall pink glowing effect, the leaves are as if powdered thanks to a wax coating.
The leaves in the outlet sit alternately tiled, forming a strict ornament. They are not located as densely as the rest of the Echeveria, but because of the thickness and size of the juicy leaves, the rosettes still seem very dense.
Echeveria carnicolor blooms in room conditions quite often, but only if the winter is cool. By controlling the conditions, it is possible to prevent flowering and, accordingly, loss of decorativeness by this plant. From the center of the outlet, a peduncle rises to a length of 25 cm, crowning with a loose brush of inflorescence. Small orange flower stars look very decorative. After flowering, the rosette dies.
Echeveria carnicolor has a decorative variegated form of variegate and several varieties that have a stronger metallic or bluish effect.
Conditions for growing Echeveria carnicolor
This type of eheveria is no different from other members of the genus in terms of low demands on the conditions of detention, but it is much less demanding on lighting. Unlike ordinary echeveria, carnicolor does not stretch in the shade, does not lose, but only changes the characteristic colors in shading. This succulent is ideally suited to the dry air of apartments, office interiors, demonstrating tremendous stability and adaptability.
Lighting and placement
The photophilicity of Eheveria carnicolor is relative, it does not lose shape even in the interior, in semi-shady locations, but the color of the leaves and the beauty of the textures of this type of succulents still depend on the quality of lighting. In shading, the plant acquires a bluish, marshy brown color.
Echeveria Cornicolor perfectly reveals its decorativeness in sunny places, is not afraid of direct rays, responds equally well to natural and artificial light. This type of echeveria feels best near southern windows or on a partially southern windowsill.
In the growth of echeveria, some light dependence is expressed. Plants unfold in relation to the light source and can distort and deform due to light. In order for the sockets to develop evenly, it is enough to regularly rotate the plant in relation to the light source, for example, clockwise.
Echeveria carnicolor is an excellent succulent for piece accents and an elegant miniature interior decoration. It can be used both singly and planted in groups and compositions. It looks great in desert and mountain dry florariums and terrariums that mimic the natural flora and landscape of the driest places on the planet.
Echeveria carnicolor can be combined with other succulents and cacti (especially with those species of plants that have small foliage). Today, this type of echeveria is also used to create green walls from succulents, in rock imitations of winter gardens, grown in hanging vases and used as an excellent plant for playing with landscaping in the spirit of florarium and other architectural solutions.
Temperature and ventilation
Echeveria Cornicolor are not afraid of temperature changes, they feel good both in room temperatures and in heat. These plants do not need strict temperature control. The drafts are not afraid of the culture, it can be carried out in the summer to fresh air or grown indoors only, but with the latter method, it is still necessary to provide carnicolor with frequent ventilation and access to fresh air. If desired, the echeveria carnicolor for the summer can even be planted in the soil in the garden.
The wintering regime for Echeveria carnicolor is directly determined by whether they want to achieve flowering from succulents. Ideally, echeveria should be at a low temperature from October to the end of January, wintering at temperatures from +6 to + 10 ° C. But if flowering is undesirable, and the plant is grown as a stably decorative succulent, then echeveria will overwinter perfectly in ordinary room conditions.
Caring for echeveria carnicolor at home
This is one of the easiest plants to care for. Echeveria carnicolor can be recommended for inexperienced gardeners, and for those who do not have time even for ordinary care. She will easily forgive skipping care routines and be content with minimal watering. In fact, caring for the echeveria carnicolor comes down to just maintaining cleanliness and some basic procedures. Due to the gradual stretching of the shoots, the Eheverians lose their decorativeness over time and need rejuvenation.
Watering and humidity
Echeveria carnicolor is content with sparse, light watering even in summer (1-2 watering per week is sufficient). Between them, the substrate should completely dry. Overmoistening, and especially dampness, is contraindicated in plants. Watering is especially carefully carried out in winter, when the plant is kept almost in dry conditions and very rare watering is carried out, preventing the leaves from drying out.
Water the echeveria carefully. Pouring water into the center of the outlets, getting wet and even just splashing the leaves can cause decay, significantly affect the decorativeness of carnicolor, like any other echeveria with unusual textures. Watering for echeveria is carried out around the perimeter of the pot, dividing the water, as it were, in portions and watching how the substrate is soaked.
Accurate watering for carnicolor is better to supplement with loosening the soil. If echeveria has not been transplanted for years, then regular, accurate swelling of the soil will help maintain its breathability and guarantee ideal characteristics in the development of echeveria.
For eheveria carnicolor, you need to use soft, standing water at room temperature. Watering with cold water is contraindicated.
Echeveria loves a dry environment and does not like measures to increase air humidity. It cannot be grown in humid or tropical florariums. Pollution, accumulation of dust on the leaves of the plant should be regularly removed with a soft brush. Spongeing the leaves is unacceptable: the coating on the leaves is very easy to damage.
Fertilizing and fertilizer composition
Echeveria is fed only during the period of active growth, from March to July. To maintain a high decorative greenery, the plant needs all the nutrients. For echeveria carnicolor, you can use universal fertilizers or special fertilizers for succulents. The recommended frequency of top dressing is once every 2-3 weeks. The dosage recommended by the manufacturer is halved.
Cropping and shaping
If echeveria carnicolor is grown in decorative compositions and florariums, then it can be formed by removing daughter rosettes and preventing the plant from growing. For the rest, any pruning is reduced only to sanitary measures - the removal of yellowed, damaged, dry or wilted leaves that are gently broken out with fingers. Pruning on this succulent is undesirable even if the sections are treated with coal. If the eheveria carnicolor has suffered from rot, pruning is done carefully, drying the plant.
Echeveria rejuvenation can be done in two ways:
- cardinal pruning of old shoots and rosettes (elongated stems can be pruned only if the plant has produced daughter sprouts that can replace the main rosette);
- growing young plants from cuttings or daughter sockets.
Transplant and substrate
A succulent transplant is carried out only as necessary. Young echeveria is transplanted annually, adults - only when the plants become crowded in containers. Echeveria transplant can be performed in spring or summer.
Echeveria carnicolor is one of the best succulents for decorating decorative compositions - terrariums, florariums, kindergartens from succulents in various glass containers. This plant is content with a minimum amount of soil.
Echeveria can be grown on an artificial substrate or in sand, in decorative soil for florariums with a minimum layer of soil. When growing as an ordinary potted plant for echeveria, it is better to choose a special light and not too fertile substrate for succulents. If you mix the soil yourself, it is better to make a substrate of equal parts of sand, turf and leafy soil.
For eheveria carnicolor, the choice of containers is very important. This plant requires decorative containers that match the style of the interior, and feels great in original and modern flowerpots. From a practical point of view, only one parameter matters - the ratio of the height and depth of the pot.
Echeveria carnicolor is grown only in wide, but not shallow dishes (the height should be less than the widow's diameter). This succulent is sufficient in height from 7-8 cm. The presence of drainage holes can not always be provided in special containers for florariums, but the quality and height of the drainage layer and sparse irrigation allow growing echeveria even in "bowls".
Echeveria carnicolor transplant should be carried out very carefully, trying not to touch the leaves of the plant. Succulent is not afraid of contacts with the roots. At the bottom of the containers must lay a high layer of drainage.
The beauty of the echeveria will fully reveal only with decorative mulching. Colored sand, stone chips, aquarium soil perfectly accentuate the luminous texture of the leaves, and the strict pattern of the echeveria carnicolor rosette.
Diseases, pests and growing problems
Echeveria carnicolor is quite stable with various deviations in care. Plants can only suffer from waterlogging and the spread of rot.
Reproduction of Echeveria carnicolor
This type of echeveria is propagated only vegetatively. For echeveria carnicolor, you can use the simplest way - to separate the small daughter sockets that are released by an adult plant. Having landed them in medium-sized containers, over time you can get powerful and well-growing sockets without much hassle and effort.
Poorly rooted plants, after separation from the mother’s outlet, are dried for 10-16 hours, planted in the most light substrate (for example, in ionite soil or sand).
You can get new echeveria from leaf cuttings. The leaves of the plant are dried for 10-12 hours, and then set at an angle in slightly moist sand or ionite soil. Air temperatures from 21 degrees and bright lighting with light watering are all that such cuttings need for rooting.