Plants that help us at home
Already for many years, the press has flickered on the assertion that some plants filter harmful substances contained in the air, even convert them into harmless, as if the microorganisms living in the soil break down the poisons that absorb leaves and pass through the roots. From a scientific point of view, the way it is, but in practice this fact is applicable to ordinary household conditions with great restrictions. To clean the air polluted with harmful substances, you need to force the whole room with flowers, so that there will be no space left for people and furniture. However, it is possible, but to achieve an increase in air humidity with the help of plants that need a lot of moisture: they return it through the leaves.
In addition to the obvious advantages, the psychological aspect plays an important role here. Plants have a beneficial effect on humans. Indoor rose has a positive effect on the human biofield, helps to get rid of fatigue and irritability.
Onions and garlic grown in pots disinfect the air and improve sleep. Indoor pomegranate stimulates the human immune system. Cacti neutralize radiation exposure. In modern houses made of reinforced concrete, air humidity is below normal, so anthurium, cyperus, arrowroot, monstera will help to increase air humidity. Plants such as rosemary, myrtle, chlorophytum, citrus fruits have bactericidal properties, and asparagus particles absorb heavy metal particles.
There are indoor plants that release ions, making the air light and fresh, and also have phytoncidal properties. These are conifers such as cypress, thuja, cryptomeria. Geranium drives away flies, disinfects and deodorizes the air, and also helps with headaches and expelling evil spirits. The most dangerous volatile organic compounds that are harmful to human health include formaldehyde, benzene, toluene, trichlorethylene (TCE), acetone, ammonia and many other similar substances.
The list of some plants that can improve the indoor microclimate, increase air humidity and reduce the content of harmful substances in it is given below.
|Botanical name||Russian name||Special impact|
|Abutilon||Abutilon, Rope, Indoor Maple||Increases air humidity|
|Aglaonema||Aglaonema||Reduces benzene content|
|Aloe barbadensis||Aloe Barbaden||Reduces formaldehyde|
|Aphelandra||Afelandra||Increases air humidity|
|Asplenium nidus||Asplenium nesting (bones)||Increases air humidity|
|Chamaedorea||Hamedorea||Reduces formaldehyde and TCE|
|Chlorophytum elatum||Chlorophytum Cape||Reduces benzene and formaldehyde|
|Chrysanthemum morifoluium||Silky-leaved chrysanthemum (large-flowered)||Reduces formaldehyde, benzene and TCE|
|Cissus rhombifolia||Cissus rhomboid||Increases air humidity|
|Cyperus||Cyperus||Increases air humidity|
|Dracaena||Dracaena||Reduces formaldehyde, benzene and TCE|
|Epipremnum pinnatum||Epipremnum||Reduces formaldehyde, benzene and TCE|
|Fatsia japonica||Fatsia Japanese||Increases air humidity|
|Ficus benjamina||Ficus Benjamin||Reduces TCE|
|Gerbera jamesonii||Gerber Jameson||Reduces formaldehyde, benzene and TCE|
|Hedera helix||Ivy||Reduces the content of benzene and TCE|
|Hibiscus roza-sinensis||Hibiscus, chinese rose||Increases air humidity|
|Musa||Banana||Increases air humidity, reduces formaldehyde content.|
|Nephrolepis exaltata||Nephrolepisum sublime||Increases air humidity|
|Pandanus veitchii||Pandanus Veitch||Increases air humidity|
|Rhododendron-Simsii (Hybrids)||Sims Rhododendron (Indian Azalea)||Increases air humidity|
|Sansevieria trifasciata||Sansevieria three-way||Reduces the content of benzene and TCE|
|Spathiphyllum||Spathiphyllum||Reduces the content of benzene and TCE|
|Schefflera||Scheffler||Increases air humidity|
|Sparmannia africana||Sparmannia African||Increases air humidity|