The use of irises in decorative gardening
Iris reminds me of my childhood, since my grandmother had many varieties of iris in the garden. And remembering my childhood, I realized that the iris completely disappeared from our flower beds. Considering the drought tolerance of irises, their insufficient use in the floral design of southern cities is completely unjustified.
Thanks to the grandeur and originality of the flower structure, even wild irises can occupy a worthy place among the leading perennials. Using irises, you can create colorful flower spots where other, more demanding plants feel oppressed. The range of use of irises is quite wide - from single plantings in rocky gardens and combinations with other perennials in mixborders to large, uniform plantings in flower beds, discounts, borders, group curtains on the lawn. In stony gardens, mostly low and compact plants are planted. Planting a plant among stones makes it possible to emphasize the beauty of each individual plant.
For borders, mainly low-growing species and varieties are used. The property of irises to create a strict line, especially at a young age, before they have time to grow, makes them one of the best components of floral design. Coloring flowers in this case plays a significant role. It should be monophonic and emphasize the border line. For this, planting should be carried out with uniform, high-grade material.
© Tejvan Pettinger
In mixborders, iris goes well with perennial poppy, lupins, phlox, peonies, dolphiniums and other perennial. Given that after flowering, the iris does not lose its decorative effect due to the beautiful leaves that remain until the end of the growing season, it is planted mainly in front of those plants that lose their decorativeness in the second half of summer (poppy, lupine). To preserve a neat appearance at iris plantings, it is enough to remove wilted flowers and peduncles until autumn.
In a uniform planting, irises should create an array, densely covering the ground, which is achieved by a certain density of standing and an abundance of plants in the planting. Therefore, you need to approach very strictly the planting standards per 1 m², depending on the planting material. The assortment of planted plants must be carefully selected taking into account their height, timing of flowering and color, avoiding variegation and disharmony. A great advantage of irises is their early flowering (May), when there is still no lush flowering of cannes, phloxes, lilies and other perennials that bloom only in the middle or end of summer. Although the flowering of the iris is relatively short (about a month), a rich palette of colors, creating the impression of a rainbow, leaves a vivid impression.
Irises can be an excellent material for cutting, provided that the bouquets of them are not overloaded. The bouquet is made taking into account the original bizarre structure of the flower, so that each flower is freely visible and that the color of the flowers that make up the bouquet is harmoniously combined. The flower-bearing stems of the iris are cut at the beginning of the blooming of the second flower, the remaining buds open in the water. Cut flowers in the condition of the buds can withstand transportation over long distances.